ISI - INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL INSTITUTE
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Short Book Reviews
Short notes 2003
SLOAN RULES. Alfred P. Sloan and the Triumph of General Motors. D. Farber. MERCATOR. The Man Who Mapped the Planet. N. Crane. London: THE MAN WHO FLATTENED THE EARTH. Maupertuis and the Sciences in the Enlightenment. M. Terral. ALCHEMY TRIED IN THE FIRE. Starkey, Boyle, And The Fate Of Helmontian Chemistry. W.R. Newman and L.M. Principe. THE DRAMA OF THE COMMONS. E. Ostrom, T. Dietz, N. Dolsak, P.C. Stern, S. Stonich and E.U. Weber (Eds.). ENVISIONING SCIENCE. Design and Craft of the Science Image. F. Frankel. PREVENTING CURRENCY CRISES IN EMERGING MARKETS. S. Edwards and J.A. Frankel (Eds.). SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN EDUCATION R.J. Shavelson and L. Towne (Eds.). ACHIEVING HIGH EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS FOR ALL. Conference Summary. T. Ready, C. Edley Jr. and C.E. Snow (Eds.). CAFFEINE FOR THE SUSTAINMENT OF MENTAL TASK PERFORMAMCE. Formulations for Military Operations. Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: THE ANTHRAX VACCINE. Is It Safe? Does It Work? L.M. Joellenbeck, L.L. Zwanziger, J.S. Durch and B.L. Strom (Eds.). PERSPECTIVES ON the DEPARTMENT OF DEFENCE GLOBAL EMERGING INFECTIONS SURVEILLANCE AND RESPONSE SYSTEM. A Program Review. P.S. Brachman, C O'Maonaigh and R.N. Miller (Eds.). THE EMERGENCE OF ZOONOTIC DESEASES. Understanding the Impact on Animal and Human Health. Workshop Summary. T. Burroughs, S. Knobler and J. Lederberg (Eds.). BIOLOGICAL THREATS AND TERRORISM. Assessing the Science and Response Capabilities. Workshop Summary. S.L. Knobler, A.A.F. Mahmoud and L.A. Pray (Eds.). CRC CONCISE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MATHEMATICS, 2nd edition. E.W. Wisstein. SAMPLE SURVEY. Principles and Methods. 3rd edition. V. Barnett. APPLIED QUANTITATIVE FINANCE. Theory and Computational Tools. W. Härdle, T. Kleinow and G. Stahl. INTRODUCTION TO FINANCIAL AND ACTUARIAL CALCULATIONS. (In Russian). V.M. Simtchera. SURVEYS IN MUMBER THEORY. Papers from the Millennial Conference on Number Theory. M.A. Bennett, B.C. Berndt, N. Boston, H.G. Diamond, A.J. Hildebrand and W. Philipp (Eds.). INTRODUCTORY STATISTICS WITH R. P. Delgaard. UNCERTAINTY AND OPTIMALITY. Probability, Statistics and Operations Research. J.C. Misra. THE EINSTEIN SCRAPBOOK. Z. Rosenkranz. M.C. ESCHER'S LEGACY. A Centennial Celebration. Collection of articles Coming From The M.C. Escher Centennial Conference, Rome 1998. D. Schattschneider and M. Emmer (Eds.). MATHEMATICS AND ART. Mathematical Visualization in Art and Education. C.P. Bruter (Ed.). THE TOPOS OF MUSIC. Geometric Logic of Concepts, Theory, and Performance. G. Mazzola. THE CONSTANTS OF NATURE. From Alpha To Omega. J.D. Barrow. MATHEMATICAL DIAMONDS. R. Honsberger. CHARLES DARWIN. The Power of Place. Volume II of a biography. J. Browne. TRUE GENIUS. The Life and Science of John Bardeen. L. Hoddeson and V. Daitch. THE PROPHET AND THE ASTRONOMER. A Scientific Journey To The End of Time. M. Gleiser. THE MEASURE OF ALL THINGS. The Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error that Transformed the World. K. Alder. THE POETIC MUSEUM, Reviving Historic Collections. J. Spalding. MAKING MUSEUMS MATTER. S.E. Weil. A DISCOURSE CONCERNING ALGEBRA. English Algebra To 1685. J.A. Stedall. STANDARD MATHEMATlCAL TABLES AND FORMULAE, 31st edition. D. Zwillinger. WINNING WAYS FOR YOUR MATHEMATICAL PLAYS. Volume 2, 2nd edition. E.R. Berlekamp, J.H. Conway and R.K. Guy. MEMORY AND DREAMS. The Creative Human Mind. G. Christos. HEPATITIS B. The Hunt For A Killer Virus. B.S. Blumberg. WHO WILL KEEP THE PUBLIC HEALTHY? Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century, K. Gebbie, L. Rosenstock and L.M. Hernandez (Eds.). THE COMMON THREAD. A Story of Science, Politics, Ethics, and the Human Genome. J. Sulston and G. Ferry. INTEGRITY IN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH. Creating An Environment that Promotes Responsible Conduct. Committee on Assessing Integrity in Research Environments. Institute of Medicine National Research Council of The National Academies. THE CHICAGO GUIDE TO COMMUNICATING SCIENCE. S.L. Montgomery. THE CRAFT OF RESEARCH, 2nd edition. W.C. Booth, G.G. Colomb and J.M. Williams. STATISTICAL ISSUES IN ALLOCATING FUNDS BY FORMULA. T.A. Louis, T.B. Jabine and M.A. Gerstein (Eds.). STATISTICS, SCIENCE AND PUBLIC POLICY. VII. Environment, Health and Globalization. Proceedings of the Conference on Statistics, Science and Public Policy held at Herstmonceux A.M. Herzberg and R.W. Oldford (Eds.). RESPONSIBLE RESEARCH. A Systems Approach to Protecting Research Participants. D.D. Federman, K.E. Hanna and L.L. Rodriguez (Eds.). ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISES IN EMERGING MARKET ECONOMICS, M. Feldstein (Ed.). MANAGING CURRENCY CRISES IN EMERGING MARKETS. M.P. Dooley and J.A. Frankel (Eds.). INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS. The Challenge of Globalization. L. Auernheimer (Ed.) BAYESIAN STATISTICS 7. Proceedings of the Seventh Valencia International Meeting. Dedicated to Dennis V. Lindley, June 2-6, 2002. J.M. Bernardo, M.J. Bayarri, J.O. Berger, A.P. Dawid, D.Heckerman, A.F.M. Smith and M. West (Eds.). A COMPUTER CALLED LEO: LYONS TEASHOPS AND THE WORLD'S FIRST OFFICE COMPUTER. G. Ferry. 50 YEARS OF DNA. J.Clayton and C. Dennis (Eds.). Foreword by D. Campbell. NATURE VIA NURTURE: Genes, Experience and What Makes Us Human. M. Ridley. SEX RATIOS: CONCEPTS AND RESEARCH METHODS. I.C.W. Hardy (Ed.) MEASURING THE GAINS FROM MEDICAL RESEARCH. An Economic Approach. K.M. Murphy and R.H. Topel (Eds.). REMEMBERING TRAUMA. R.J. McNally. THE CAMBRIDGE HISTORY OF SCIENCE: Volume 4. Eighteenth-Century Science. R. Porter (Ed.). MASTERS OF THEORY. Cambridge and the rise of Mathematical Physics. A. Warwick. SAFE FOOD. Bacteria, Biotechnology and Bioterrorism. M. Nestle. HOW THE COWS TURNED MAD. M. Schwartz. Translated by E. Schneider. RICH DEMOCRACIES. POLITICAL ECONOMY, PUBLIC POLICY, AND PERFORMANCE. H.L. Wilensky. A FIELD GUIDE TO DIGITAL COLOR. M.C. Stone. THE MEDIA EQUATION. How People Treat Computers, Television and New Media Like Real People and Places. B. Reeves and C. Nass. A COMMENTARY TO KANT'S CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON. N.K. Smith. AN INTRODUCTION TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE. THEORY AND REALITY. P. Godfrey-Smith. MATHEMATICS AND MUSIC. A DIDEROT MATHEMATICAL FORUM. G. Assayag, H.G. Feichtinger and J.F. Rodrigues. (Eds.). WINNING WAYS FOR YOUR MATHEMATICAL PLAYS. Volume 3, 2nd edition. E.R. Berlekamp, J.H. Conway and R.K. Guy. MUTUAL FUNDS. RISK AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR DECISION MAKING. J.A. Haslem.
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Title SLOAN RULES. Alfred P. Sloan and the Triumph of General Motors. Author D. Farber. Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2002, pp. xii + 292, US$27.50/£19.50.
From the book jacket: "Alfred P. Sloan Jr. became the president of General Motors in 1923 and stepped down as its CEO in 1946. During this time, he led GM past the Ford Motor Company and on to international business triumph by virtue of his brilliant managerial practices and his insights into the new consumer economy he and GM helped to produce"
"Here, for the first time, is a study of both the difficult man and the pathbreaking executive. Sloan Rules reveals the GM genius as not only a driven manager of men, machines, money, and markets but also a passionate and not always wise participant in the great events of his day."
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Title MERCATOR. The Man Who Mapped the Planet. Author N. Crane. London: Publisher Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2002, pp. xiii + 348, £20.00.
From the book jacket: "[Gerard] Mercator [1512-1594] is a vivid biography of the man who created the first modern map of the world.
"Born into the age of discovery, Gerard Mercator lived through an extraordinary era of intellectual and scientific expansion. At the centre of this exploratory vortex were cartographers who were painstakingly piecing together the evidence that would create a complete picture of the planet. Mercator was the greatest of them all - a poor cobbler's boy who attended one of Europe's top universities, was persecuted and imprisoned by the Inquisition, yet survived to produce his eponymous projection and to coin the term 'atlas'. Devoutly religious, yet gripped by the quest for geographical truth, Mercator struggled to reconcile the two, a conflict mirrored by the clash in Europe between humanism and the Church.
"Mercator solved the dimensional riddle that had vexed cosmographers for so long: How could the three-dimensional globe be converted into a two-dimensional map while retaining true compass bearing? The Mercator Projection revolutionized navigation and has become the most common worldview."
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Title THE MAN WHO FLATTENED THE EARTH. Maupertuis and the Sciences in the Enlightenment. Author M. Terral. Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2002, pp. ix + 408, US$39.00/£27.50.
From the book jacket: "Self-styled adventurer, literary wit, philosopher and statesman of science, Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698-1759) stood at the center of Enlightenment science and culture. Offering an elegant and accessible portrait of this remarkable man, Mary Terrall uses the story of Maupertuis's life, self-fashioning, and scientific works to explore what it meant to be a man of science in eighteenth-century Europe.
"Beginning his scientific career as a mathematician in Paris, Maupertuis entered the public eye with a much-discussed expedition to Lapland, which confirmed Newton's calculation that the earth was flattened at the poles. He also made significant, and often intentionally controversial, contributions to physics, life science, navigation, astronomy, and metaphysics. Called to Berlin by Frederick the Great, Maupertuis moved to Prussia to preside over the Academy of Sciences there. Equally at home in salons, cafés, scientific academies, and royal courts, Maupertuis used his social connections and his printed works to enhance a carefully constructed reputation as both a man of letters and a man of science. His social and institutional affiliations, in turn, affected how Mauprtuis formulated his ideas, how he presented them to his contemporaries, and the reactions they provoked.
"Terrall not only illuminates the life and work of a colorful and important Enlightenment figure, but also uses his story to delve into many wider issues, including the development of scientific institutions, the impact of print culture on science, and the interactions of science and government. The Man Who Flattened the Earth will appeal to anyone interested in eighteenth-century science and culture."
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Title ALCHEMY TRIED IN THE FIRE. Starkey, Boyle, And The Fate Of Helmontian Chemistry. Author W.R. Newman and L.M. Principe. Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2002, pp. xiv + 344.
From the paper jacket: "Using as their guide the extraordinary laboratory notebooks of George Starkey, an alchemist and the most prominent American scientist before Benjamin Franklin, and Starkey's previously misunderstood interactions with Robert Boyle, sometimes called "the father of chemistry," William Newman and Lawrence Principe reveal the hitherto hidden laboratory operations of a famous alchemist and show that many of the principles and practices characteristic of modern chemistry were already present in alchemy. Their analysis of Starkey's notebooks also demonstrates how this American "chymist" translated the wildly figurative writings of traditional alchemy into quantitative, carefully reasoned laboratory practice - and then encoded his own work in allegorical, secretive treatises under the name of Eirenaeus Philalethes. The intriguing "mystic" Joan Baptista Van Helmont - a favourite of Starkey, Boyle, and even of Lavoisier - emerges from this study as a surprisingly central figure in seventeenth-century "chymistry". A common emphasis on quantification, material production, and analysis/synthesis, the authors argue, illustrates a continuity of goals and practices from late medieval alchemy down to and beyond the chemical revolution."
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Title THE DRAMA OF THE COMMONS. Author E. Ostrom, T. Dietz, N. Dolsak, P.C. Stern, S. Stonich and E.U. Weber (Eds.). Publisher Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2002, pp. xii + 521, US$25.00.
From the preface: ""The commons" has long been a pivotal idea in environmental studies, and the resources and institutions described by that term have long been recognized as central to many environmental problems, especially problems of global environmental change. Since its birth in 1989, the Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change of the National Research Council has recognized the importance of commons and commons research (Global Environmental Change: Understanding the Human Dimensions, National Academy Press, 1992). Not only is the topic important in its own right, the commons is also a central theme in studies of international cooperation, environmental decision making, and the design of resource management institutions. Its importance is highlighted in the International Human Dimensions Programme's science plans on Land Use and Land Cover Change (www.uni-bonn.de/ihdp/lucc) and Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (www.dartmouth.edu/~idgec ). So the commons is at the center of the international research agenda on the human dimensions of global change.
"We believe the result of our project is a rich series of papers that review what we know about the commons, integrate what in the past have been somewhat disparate literatures, and point directions for the future. We hope this volume achieves several goals. First, for those not familiar with the rich literature since Hardin's seminal 1968 paper, we hope it provides a sound grounding in what we have learned and shows how and where knowledge has advanced since Hardin proposed his model. Second, for researchers already working in the field, we hope it provides a broad state-of-the-art review and shows connections and gaps in knowledge that may not have been obvious in the past. Third, for researchers and those funding research, we believe it conveys a sense of pride in what has been accomplished with relatively modest funding and indicates priorities for future work. Finally, although not a management handbook, we hope it provides some guidance to those who design and manage institutions dealing with the commons and makes it easier for them to base their decisions on the best available science."
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Title ENVISIONING SCIENCE. Design and Craft of the Science Image. Author F. Frankel. Publisher Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2002, pp. 328.
From the book cover: "Science and engineering research must be communicated within the research community and the general public, and a crucial element of the communication is the visual. In Envisioning Science, science photographer Felice Frankel provides a guide to creating dynamic and compelling photographs for journal submissions and for scientific presentations to funding agencies, investors, and the general public. The book is organized from the large to the small, from pictures of new material and biological structures made with a camera and lens, to images made with a stereomicroscope, compound microscope, and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The text explains how to design, craft, and execute effective images, SEMs, and diagrams while maintaining scientific integrity. Full-color illustrations, including many instructional side-by-side comparisons, provide examples from the physical and biological sciences, biotechnology, nanotechnology, electrical engineering, materials science, and mechanical engineering to en-courage a new way to see and create images of science.
"After a brief historical overview by science educator Phylis Morrison, Frankel discusses technical issues and, just as important, her personal approach to creating images that are both scientifically informational and accessible. This is a handbook that should become a standard tool in all research laboratories."
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Title PREVENTING CURRENCY CRISES IN EMERGING MARKETS. Author S. Edwards and J.A. Frankel (Eds.). Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2002, pp. xi + 770, US$100.00/£70.00.
From the book jacket: "Throughout the world economists and policymakers are still working to clarify and understand the many lessons of the Asian financial crisis for the future of the global financial system. This timely volume is an important step in that endeavor, bringing together distinguished academics, officials in multilateral organizations, and public and private sector economists to explore the causes and workings of international currency crisis as well as effective policy responses to them.
"The topics discussed here include a number of central policies, variables, and influences: exchange rate regimes; contagion (the transmission of currency crises across countries); the current account of the balance of payments; the role of private sector investors and speculators; the reaction of the official sector, including multilaterals; capital controls; bank supervision and weaknesses; and the roles of large players (including hedge funds), cronyism, and corruption.
"Ably balancing detailed case studies, cross-country comparisons, and theoretical concerns, this book makes a major contribution to the ongoing effort to understand and thus hopefully prevent international currency crises."
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Title SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN EDUCATION Author R.J. Shavelson and L. Towne (Eds.). Publisher Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2002, pp. xiii + 188, US$25.00.
From the book: "The National Academies have been in the business of bringing science to bear on pressing problems since 1863. Our operating arm - the National Research Council (NRC) - has produced hundreds of reports that synthetize scientific knowledge in a wide range of areas that affect the public interest. Most of this work involves scientists acting to promote rational decision making in mat-ters of public policy. Less often, our reports explicitly comment on the nature of the scientific enterprise itself. This report is such an example. Its authoring committee was assembled amid vibrant debate about quality and rigor in scientific education research. In the course of its work, the committee revisited longstanding philosophies about the nature of science, so as to place them in the context of modern education research."
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Title ACHIEVING HIGH EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS FOR ALL. Conference Summary. Author T. Ready, C. Edley Jr. and C.E. Snow (Eds.). Publisher Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2002, pp. xii + 285, US$39.00.
From the book: "Achieving high educational standards for all students is a critical, and to date, unmet goal of the greatest importance for the continued development of human and social capital in the United States. When approached by the U.S. Department of Education with the request to convene a conference on this subject, the National Research Council (NRC) recognized it as a vital opportunity to bring scientific perspectives to bear on one of the most difficult notional challenges. The conference brought together leading experts on such subjects as the demographics of the school-age population, issues in access and opportunity, learning research, teaching methods, reform efforts in high-poverty ur-ban schools, and effective technical assistance. They were asked to apply their own research data, as well as the findings of NRC reports, to the question of racial and ethnic disparities in K-12 education, identifying key issues for policy and re-search. The audience included educators, researchers, and policy makers at the national, state, and local levels. The NRC's Division on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (DBASSE) was the convening body."
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Title CAFFEINE FOR THE SUSTAINMENT OF MENTAL TASK PERFORMAMCE. Formulations for Military Operations. Author Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: Publisher National Academy Press, 2002, pp. xiv + 157, US$39.00.
From the book: "The goal of any employer, regard-less of the field of endeavor, is optimal job performance with-out compromising the health and well-being of the worker. Intermittent or prolonged physiological and psychological stressors that employees bring to the workplace have an impact not only on their own performance but also on those with whom they work and interact. These stressors are com-pounded by the physical and mental stressors of the job itself. Military personnel in combat settings endure highly unpredictable timing and types of stressors, both personal and job-related, as well as situations that require continuing vigilance for extended periods of time.
"Changes in military operations over the last 50 years have required continued assessment and adoption of technologies that will sustain or enhance physical and cognitive performance of the individual service member. This urgency in maintaining and enhancing performance is fostered by increased reliance on the individual's cognitive skills in the operation and maintenance of complex military equipment in an increasing variety of environmental conditions. Today's military relies heavily on the use of computer-controlled systems that require highly trained and alert individuals. There is also greater reliance on rapid mobility to enable deployment at any time to achieve the nation's military objectives. The urgency to maintain and enhance performance is driven by personal reductions and shortfalls in recruitment goals - resulting in the need to have the individual perform for longer periods of time with less sleep, shorter transition times, less recovery time between missions, and less reliance on traditional logistical support."
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Title THE ANTHRAX VACCINE. Is It Safe? Does It Work? Author L.M. Joellenbeck, L.L. Zwanziger, J.S. Durch and B.L. Strom (Eds.). Publisher Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2002, pp. xxi + 265, US$37.00.
From the preface: "The Institute of Medicine convened the Committee to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of the Anthrax Vaccine in October 2000 to prepare a congressionally mandated report for the Department of Defense. The committee was charged with reviewing data regarding the efficacy and safety of the currently licensed anthrax vaccine - Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA) - and assessing the efforts to resolve manufacturing issues and resume production and distribution of the vaccine. This report is a summary of the committee's deliberations."
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Title PERSPECTIVES ON the DEPARTMENT OF DEFENCE GLOBAL EMERGING INFECTIONS SURVEILLANCE AND RESPONSE SYSTEM. A Program Review. Author P.S. Brachman, C O'Maonaigh and R.N. Miller (Eds.). Publisher Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2002, pp. xx + 190, US$42.00.
From the preface: The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) has historically defined its interest in infectious diseases almost exclusively in terms of "battlestopper" illnesses - those resulting in acute effects that can directly affect military operations. Although this approach remains central to the U.S. military's infections disease doctrine, development of the DoD Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (GEIS) is part of an important transition in the way that the threat of infectious diseases - and, more specifically, the threat of emerging infectious diseases - is perceived and addressed by the U.S. military."
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Title THE EMERGENCE OF ZOONOTIC DESEASES. Understanding the Impact on Animal and Human Health. Workshop Summary. Author T. Burroughs, S. Knobler and J. Lederberg (Eds.). Publisher Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2002, pp. xviii + 157, US$30.00.
From the introduction: "Since the publication in 1992 of the Institute of Medicine report Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States, the concept of new and emerging diseases has changed as different people have influenced priorities. The balance seen in the original report has been skewed several times, not so much in the name of funding research needs or prevention and control priorities but in the name of the "home turf" of the agencies involved. Within this changing scene, where are the zoonoses, the diseases transmitted from animals to humans? The answer differs according to whether one addresses the question from the perspective of the animal disease community or the human disease community."
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Title BIOLOGICAL THREATS AND TERRORISM. Assessing the Science and Response Capabilities. Workshop Summary. Author S.L. Knobler, A.A.F. Mahmoud and L.A. Pray (Eds.). Publisher Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2002, pp. xvi 317, US$42.00.
From the summary: "In the wake of the events of September 11, already mounting concerns about bioterrorism became imminent priorities for policymakers, researchers, public health officials, and private industry. These communities continue to grapple with ways to better understand the potential threats and ensure the country's ability to preempt an attack or respond to the consequences.
"The Forum on Emerging Infections was uniquely positioned through its representation of multi-sector science and policy expertise to convene a working group discussion on the next steps for responding to bioterrorism.
"Much has been written and discussed over the last decade about the potential use of biological agents in warfare or in terrorist attacks. Initiatives to prevent and respond to such events have been developed and implemented within areas of federal, state, and local government. The scientific, healthcare, policy, and law enforcement communities have also created specific agendas to address these threats.
"The November 27-29, 2001, workshop of the Forum explored the current scientific understanding of threatening pathogens and what measures have been put in place to better monitor, prevent, and respond to their emergence. To determine where progress has been made and where gaps remain, Forum presentations and discussions reviewed existing policies, infrastructure, and research and scientific tools.
"During this three-day workshop, Forum members and invited guests explored the issues surrounding emerging opportunities for more effective collaboration as well as the scientific and programmatic needs for responding to bioterrorism."
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Title CRC CONCISE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MATHEMATICS, 2nd edition. Author E.W. Wisstein. Publisher Boca Raton, Florida: Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2003, pp. 3242, US$99.95/£66.99.
This, the second edition, has more than 1000 new pages. All original entries have been revised. References to related topics, sources in the literature, and the Internet are given. In many entries, Mathematica commands have been incorporated in the entries to enable readers to do computations and make graphic representations easily.
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Title SAMPLE SURVEY. Principles and Methods. 3rd edition. Author V. Barnett. Publisher London: Arnold, 2002, pp. xii + 241, £19.99. [Original 1974; 2nd edition 1991; Short Book Reviews Vol. 12, p. 24].
From the back of the book: "This third edition has evolved to reflect the new demands for wider areas of application, and to keep up-to-date with developing methods of carrying out surveys, such as via e-mail and the internet. New chapters introduce modern approaches to sampling methods for rare and sensitive events and for natural phenomena, with particular reference to biological, environmental and social issues.
"Wide-ranging examples on all topics are given throughout the text. Relevant exercises are presented at chap-ter ends, and numerical answers are provided in all cases. As well as new chapters covering a wider range of fields in which sample surveys can be used, new features in this edition include chapter summaries and an expanded bibliography and reference section.
"[The book] covers all aspects of finite population inference and sample surveys; includes wide coverage of special sampling methods for rare and sensitive issues and for ecological and environmental concerns; provides extensive bibliography for wider study; deals with practical issues of implementation such as non-response, non-sampling errors, difficult data access, questionnaire and interview design, e-mail and net-based surveys."
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Title APPLIED QUANTITATIVE FINANCE. Theory and Computational Tools. Author W. Härdle, T. Kleinow and G. Stahl. Publisher Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2002, pp. Xvii + 401, US$69.95
Written by several contributors, an overview of quantitative risk management tools is given based on the XploRe Quantlet Server (XQS). Using a license and registration number obtained together with the book an electronic version can be downloaded. Through XQS, the authors enter the e-book landscape. Contributions are ordered under the following chapter headings: Value at Risk, Credit Risk, Implied Volatity and Econometrics.
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Title INTRODUCTION TO FINANCIAL AND ACTUARIAL CALCULATIONS. (In Russian). Author V.M. Simtchera. Publisher Moscow: Finansy i Statistika Publishing House, 2003, pp. 352.
From the English summary: "Methods of financial and actuarial calculations are stated briefly and clearly. Special attention is paid to actuarial calculations which are not well-known at present and to practice of their application in the field of pension, support and insurance.
"The basic concepts and terms used at drawing up actuarial balance, actuarial report and actuarial resolution are given. The major tables necessary for use in financial and actuarial calculations are applied in the present publication. The theoretical rules are illustrated with examples of settling typical tasks.
"For actuarial, insurance and audit of the companies; appraisers, bank's professionals and financial controllers, teachers both students of economic high schools and faculties."
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Title SURVEYS IN MUMBER THEORY. Papers from the Millennial Conference on Number Theory. Author M.A. Bennett, B.C. Berndt, N. Boston, H.G. Diamond, A.J. Hildebrand and W. Philipp (Eds.). Publisher Natick, Massachusetts: Peters, 2003, pp. vii + 363, US$30.00.
From the book cover: "Collected in one volume, these selected papers from the Millennial Conference on Number Theory provide a snapshot of the field at the turn of the Millennium and an outlook into new directions. May they serve as a historic document and as a resource and inspiration to future generations."
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Title INTRODUCTORY STATISTICS WITH R. Author P. Delgaard. Publisher New York: Springer-Verlag, 2002, pp. xx + 267.
From the book cover: "R is an Open Source implementation of the well-known S language. It works on multiple computing platforms and can be freely downloaded. R is thus ideally suited for teaching at many levels as well as for practical data analysis and methodological development. This book provides an elementary-level introduction to R, targeting both nonstatistician scientists in various fields and students of statistics.
"The main mode of presentation is via code examples with liberal commenting of the code and the output, from the computational as well as the statistical viewpoint. Brief sections introduce the statistical methods before they are used. A supplementary R package can be downloaded and contains the data sets. All examples are directly runnable and all graphics in the text are generated from the examples.
"The statistical methodology covered includes statistical standard distributions, one- and two-sample tests with continuous data, regression analysis, one- and two-way analysis of variance, regression analysis, analysis of tabular data, sample-size calculations. In addition, the last four chapters contain introductions to multiple linear regression analysis, linear models in general, logistic regression, and survival analysis."
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Title UNCERTAINTY AND OPTIMALITY. Probability, Statistics and Operations Research. Author J.C. Misra. Publisher New Jersey: World Scientific, 2002, pp. x + 559, US$120.00.
From the book cover: "This book deals with different modern topics in probability, statistics and operations research. It has been written lucidly in a novel way. Wherever necessary, the theory is explained in great detail, with suitable illustrations. Numerous references are given, so that young researchers who want to start their work in a particular area will benefit immensely from the book.
"The contributors are distinguished statisticians and operations research experts from all over the world.
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Title THE EINSTEIN SCRAPBOOK. Author Z. Rosenkranz. Publisher Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press 2002, pp. xviii + 199, US$22.50; £16.50.
From the back cover: "Einstein is the personification of supreme intellect, his name synonymous with genius His scientific theories revolutionized the way we look at reality itself. His legacy of pacifism, Zionism, and social justice continues to inspire millions of people around the world. The Einstein Scrapbook offers a unique glimpse into the life and work of this remarkable man which will delight those for whom he is a hero and those familiar with him only as an icon. Featuring illuminating documents and photographs from Albert Einstein's personal papers - some published here for the first time - it provides a kaleidoscope through which to see the great scientist and humanist anew. The book opens with an engaging and concise biography that explores Einstein's family history and education, his career as a scientist and educator, his complex marital relations, and his role as a father. In subsequent sections, The Einstein Scrapbook presents an overview of Einstein's scientific theories, from his breakthrough articles on the special theory of relativity, quantum theory, and Brownian motion published in 1905 - his annus mirabilis - through his revolutionary general theory of relativity in 1916 and his final quest for a unified field theory. The book also shows Einstein's role in the international peace movement and his views on social and economic justice, as well as his Jewish identity and his relationship to the Jewish people and the State of Israel, which culminated in his being offered the presidency of Israel in 1952.
"On the lighter side this book chronicles Einstein's passion for music and sailing, his charming correspondence with children around the world, and some of the curious letters he received from fans during his later years, and it concludes with a look at Einstein's mythic status. Drawn from the collection of the Hebrew University's Albert Einstein Archives, The Einstein Scrapbook perfecty reflects Einstein's brilliance, humor, generosity, and nobility."
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Title M.C. ESCHER'S LEGACY. A Centennial Celebration. Collection of articles Coming From The M.C. Escher Centennial Conference, Rome 1998. Author D. Schattschneider and M. Emmer (Eds.). Publisher Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2003, pp. xvi + 458 + CD, US$99.00.
From the back cover: " One of the most popular artists of the 20th century, M.C. Escher, leaves a legacy. The centennial celebration of his birth, held in Rome and Ravello in 1998, gave testimony to the keen interest and insight into his work, and showcased a number of contemporary artists and scientists whose work is directly inspired by that of Escher.
"This book contains 40 of their articles, richly illustrated with original art works in addition to well-known and little-known works by Escher, a CD-ROM complements the articles, containing color illustrations of work by contemporary artists, movies, animations, and other demonstrations."
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Title MATHEMATICS AND ART. Mathematical Visualization in Art and Education. Author C.P. Bruter (Ed.). Publisher Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2002, pp. x + 337, US$84.95.
From the back cover: "Recent progress in research, teaching and communication has arisen from the use of new tools in visualization. To be fruitful, visualization needs precision and beauty. This book is a source of mathematical illustrations by mathematicians as well as artists. It offers examples in many basic mathematical fields including polyhedra theory, group theory, solving polynominal equations, dynamical systems and differential topology.
"For a long time, arts, architecture, music and painting have been the source of new developments in mathematics. And vice versa, artists have often found new techniques, themes and inspiration within mathematics. Here, while mathematicians provide mathematical tools for the analysis of musical creations, the contributions from sculptors emphasize the role of mathematics in their work."
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Title THE TOPOS OF MUSIC. Geometric Logic of Concepts, Theory, and Performance. Author G. Mazzola. Publisher Basel: Birkhäuser, pp. xxx + 1335 +CD, €91.58.
From the book jacket: "Since Greek antiquity it has been a tradition of European thinking to describe musical facts in a mathematical language. This formal apparatus has always mirrored the status quo of mathematical knowledge and the requirements of current sound technology.
"The Topos of Music is the upgraded and vastly deepened English extension of the seminal German Geometrie der Töne. It reflects the dramatic progress of mathematical music theory and its operationalization by information technology since the publication of Geometrie der Töne in 1990. The conceptual basis has been vastly generalized to topos-theoretic foundations, including a corresponding thoroughly geometric musical logic. The theoretical models and results now include topologies for rhythm, melody, and harmony, as well as a classification theory of musical objects that comprises the topos-theoretic concept framework. Classification also implies techniques of algebraic moduli theory. The classical models of modulation and counterpoint have been extended to exotic scales and counterpoint interval dichotomies.
"The probably most exciting new field of research deals with musical performance and its implementation on advanced object-oriented software environments. This subject not only uses extensively the existing mathematical music theory, it also opens the language to differential equations and tools of differential geometry, such as Lie derivatives. Mathematical performance theory is the key to inverse performance theory, an advanced new research field which deals with the calculation of varieties of parameters which give rise to a determined performance. This field uses techniques of algebraic geometry and statistics, approaches which have already produced significant results in the understanding of highest-ranked human performances."
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Title THE CONSTANTS OF NATURE. From Alpha To Omega. Author J.D. Barrow. Publisher London: Jonathan Cape, 2002, pp. xv + 352, £17.99.
From the book jacket: "The constants of Nature are the numbers that define the essence of the Universe. They tell us how strong its forces are, and what its fundamental laws can do: the strength of gravity, of magnetism, the speed of light, and the masses of the smallest particles of matter. They encode the deepest secrets of the Universe and express at once our greatest knowledge and our greatest ignorance about the cosmos. Their existence has taught us the profound truth that Nature abounds with unseen regularities. Yet, while we have become skilled at measuring the values of these constants, our frustrating inability to explain or predict their values shows how much we have still to learn about the inner workings of the Universe.
"What is the ultimate status of these constants of Nature? Do we know why they are as they are? Are they truly constant? Are they everywhere then the same? Are they all linked? Could life have evolved and persisted if they were even slightly different? And are there other Universes where they are different?
"These are some of the issues that this book grapples with. It looks back to the discoveries of the first constants of Nature and the impact they had on scientists like Einstein. New theories of the Universe lead us to expect that other dimensions of.space exist. Our constants of Nature may offer us a unique window into higher dimensions of space. This book also tells the story of a tantalising new development in astronomy. For the first time astronomical observations are suggesting that some of the constants of Nature were different when the Universe was younger. So are our laws of Nature slowly changing? Is anything about our Universe immune from the ravages of time? Are there any constants of Nature at all?"
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Title MATHEMATICAL DIAMONDS. Author R. Honsberger. Publisher Washington, D.C.: The Mathematical Association of America, 2003, pp. x + 245, US$35.95.
From the back cover: "Ross Honsberger has done it again! He has brought together another wonderful collection of elementary mathematical problems and their solutions that reflect the beauty of mathematics. The problems abound in striking surprises and brilliant ideas. Many come from mathematical journals. Others come trom various mathematical competitions such as the Tournament of the Towns, the Balkan Olympiad, the American Invitational Mathematics Exam, and the Putnam Mathematical Competition. And two chapters are based on work by Paul Erdös. "
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Title CHARLES DARWIN. The Power of Place. Volume II of a biography. Author J. Browne. Publisher New York: Knopf, 2002, pp. 591, US$37.50/£25.00.
From the book jacket: "In 1858 Charles Darwin was forty-nine years old, a gentleman scientist living quietly at Down House in the Kent countryside, respected by fellow biologists and well liked among his wide and distinguished circle of acquaintances. He was not yet a focus of debate; his "big book on species" still lay on his study desk in the form of a huge pile of manuscript. For more than twenty years he had been accumulating material for it, puzzling over questions it raised, trying - it seemed endlessly - to bring it to a satisfactory conclusion. Publication appeared to be as far away as ever, delayed by his inherent cautiousness and wish to be certain that his startling theory of evolution was correct.
"It is at this point that the concluding volume of Janet Browne's biography opens. The much-praised first volume, Voyaging, carried Darwin's story through his youth and scientific apprenticeship, the adventurous Beagle voyage, his marriage and the birth of his children, the genesis and development of his ideas. Now, beginning with the extraordinary events that finally forced the Origin of Species into print, we come to the years of fame and controversy.
"For Charles Darwin, the intellectual upheaval touched off by his book had deep personal as well as public consequences. Always an intensely private man, he suddenly found himself and his ideas being discussed - and often attacked - in circles far beyond those of his familiar scientific community. Demonized by some, defended by others (including such brilliant supporters as Thomas Henry Huxley and Joseph Hooker), he soon emerged as one of the leading thinkers of the Victorian era, a man whose theories played a major role in shaping the modern world. Yet, in spite of the enormous new pressures, he clung firmly, sometimes painfully, to the quiet things that had always meant the most to him - his family, his research, his network of correspondents, his peaceful life at Down House.
"In her account of this second half of Darwin's life, Janet Browne does dramatic justice to all aspects of the Darwinian revolution, from a fascinating examination of the Victorian publishing scene to a survey of the often furious debates between scientists and churchmen over evolutionary theory. At the same time, she presents a wonderfully sympathetic and authoritative picture of Darwin himself right through the heart of the Darwinian revolution, busily sending and receiving letters, pursuing research on subjects that fascinated him (climbing plants, earthworms, pigeons - and, of course, the nature of evolution), writing books, and contending with his mysterious, intractable ill health. Thanks to Browne's unparalleled command of the scientific and scholarly sources, we ultimately see Darwin more clearly than we ever have before, a man confirmed in greatness but endearingly human.
"Reviewing Voyaging, Geoffrey Moorhouse observed that "if Browne's second volume is as comprehensively lucid as her first, there will be no need for anyone to write another word on Darwin." The Power of Place triumphantly justifies that praise."
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Title TRUE GENIUS. The Life and Science of John Bardeen. Author L. Hoddeson and V. Daitch. Publisher Washington, D.C.: Joseph Henry Press, 2002, pp. xi + 467, US$27.95.
From the book jacket: "John Bardeen was an unassuming man, a humble, soft-spoken Midwesterner whose life was filled with simple pastimes like a Sunday picnic with the family or a good game of golf. He was also a giant of modern physics, an extraordinary hero of twentieth century science. His seminal work earned him the distinction of being the only person ever to win two Nobel Prizes in physics-both awarded for discoveries that were breathtaking in scope and responsible for advancing the course of human history.
"Bardeen ranks among the most imaginative and inspired scientists of our time. But his genius was quiet and unobtrusive, hidden behind the façade of an average man, which is perhaps why we know so little about him. Equally as influential on our culture as Albert Einstein or Richard Feynman, Bardeen, unlike those popular icons of physics, had no desire to mug for the cameras or to prove himself eccentric, irreverent, and offbeat. As eccentricity and outsize personalities had come to symbolize the true nature of genius and creativity, Bardeen remained cloaked in obscurity.
"Without Bardeen's first Nobel Prize-winning discovery- the transistor-the electronics revolution, which brought us desktop computers, supercomputers, and microelectronics, would still be the stuff of science fiction. His second great breakthrough-the theory of superconductivity, which for years had stumped Einstein, Feynman, and many others-promises to revolutionize twenty-first century technology with high speed "mag-lev trains," supercolliding atom smashers, and other fantastic technological wonders.
"Yet despite these achievements, this astonishing though decidedly modest Midwesterner was often overlooked by the media as well as the public, simply because he differed radically from the popular stereotype of genius. Through an exploration of his science as well as his life, a fresh and thoroughly engaging portrait of genius and the nature of creativity emerges. This fascinating biography provides a whole new perspective on what it truly means to be a genius."
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Title THE PROPHET AND THE ASTRONOMER. A Scientific Journey To The End of Time. Author M. Gleiser. Publisher New York: Norton, 2001, pp. xv + 256, US$26.95/£19.95.
From the book jacket: "From the beginning of time people have looked to the heavens to find order in the universe, to divine meaning and direction from celestial events. The same skies that used to instill fear in our ancient prophets today spawn a rich apocalyptic science for awestruck stargazers.
"This remarkable book explores the shared quest of prophets and astronomers to explain the strange phenomena of our skies - from the apocalypse foretold in Revelations to modern science's ongoing identification of multiple cataclysmic threats, including the impact of comets and asteroids on earthly life, the likelihood of future collisions, the meaning of solar eclipses and the death of stars, the implications of black holes for time travel, and the ultimate fate of the universe and time."
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Title THE MEASURE OF ALL THINGS. The Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error that Transformed the World. Author K. Alder. Publisher New York: The Free press, 2002, pp. x + 422, US$27.00.
From the book cover:
"The truth belongs to everyone, but error is ours alone."
The Measure of All Things
"Amidst the chaos of the French Revolution, two intrepid astronomers set out in opposite directions from Paris to measure the world, one voyaging north to Dunkirk, the other south to Barcelona. Their findings would help define the meter as one ten-millionth of the distance between the pole and the equator, a standard that has since swept the planet. The Measure of All Things is the astonishing story of one of history's greatest scientific quests, a mission to measure the Earth and define the meter for all nations and for all time.
"Yet when Ken Alder located the long-Iost correspondence between the two men, along with their mission logbooks, he stumbled upon a two-hundred-year-old secret, and a drama worthy of the great French playwrights. The meter, it turns out, is in error. One of the two astronomers, Pierre-François-André Méchain, made contradictory measurements from Barcelona and, in a panic, covered up the discrepancy. The guilty knowledge of his misdeed drove him to the brink of madness, and ultimately to his death. Only then - after the meter had already been publicly announced - did his partner, Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Delambre, discover the truth and face a fateful choice: what matters more, the truth or the appearance of the truth?
"To tell the story, Alder has not only worked in archives throughout Europe and America, but also bicycled the entire route traveled by Delambre and Mechain. Both a novelist and a prizewinning historian of science and the French Revolution, Alder summons all his skills to tell how the French Revolution mixed violent passion with the coldest sanity to produce our modern world. It was a time when scientists believed they could redefine the foundations of space and time, creating a thirty-day month, a ten-day week, and a ten-hour day. History, they declared, was to begin anew. But in the end, it was science that was forever changed. The measurements brought back by Delambre and Mechain not only made science into a global enterprise and made possible our global economy, but also revolutionized our understanding of error. Where Mechain conceived of error as a personal failure, his successors learned to tame it.
"This, then, is a story of two men, a secret, and a timeless human dilemma: is it permissible to perpetuate a small lie in the service of a larger truth?" Precision is a quest on which travelers, as Zeno foretold, journey halfway to their destination, and then halfway again and again and again, never reaching finality." In The Measure of All Things Ken Alder describes a quest that succeeded even as it failed. It is a story for all people, for all time"
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Title THE POETIC MUSEUM, Reviving Historic Collections. Author J. Spalding. Publisher Munich: Prestel, 2002, pp. 184, £24.95.
From the book jacket: "In this controversial book, a former director of award winning museums offers a unique and inspired vision for the future of museums and their visitors.
"In the rush to modernise, some museums have replaced almost all their collections with interactive exhibits and computers while others have put everything they can on display, turning their museums into pastiche cabinets of curiosity. Julian Spalding maintains that both approaches devalue visiting museums and galleries. The frontiers of knowledge are no longer collectible as they were during the Enlightenment, when museums became a central way of understanding natural and human history. Using examples as varied as the Louvre in Paris, the Holocaust Museum in Washington, D.C., the State Museum of Political History in St Petersburg, and the Asian Civilisations Museum in Singapore, Spalding illustrates how to use objects and artefacts to create profound and poetic insights into the past.
"Writing for the visitor as well as the professional, Julian Spalding investigates every aspect of museum work from collecting to financing, from buildings to displays, revealing entrenched habits which must be reformed to reach a wider and increasingly sophisticated public. Most importantly, Spalding describes how his own ideal, the 'poetic museum', would transform traditional museums and greatly extend their audiences. Accessible, radical and filled with important recommendations as well as entertaining insights, this groundbreaking polemic is certain to spark public as well as professional debate for years to come."
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Title MAKING MUSEUMS MATTER. Author S.E. Weil. Publisher Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2002, pp. xiii + 273, US$18.95.
From the back cover: "Stephen E. Weil has long been considered one of the museum community's most insightful (and frequently wittiest) commentators. In this volume of twenty-nine recent essays, his overarching concern is that museums be able to "earn their keep" - that they make themselves matter - in an environment of potentially shrinking resources.
"Museums matter, according to Weil, when their staff's traditional object-related skills are directed towards enriching both the individual lives and the general well-being of the communities they serve. What makes museums so special, he says, is the varied ways in which they may choose to perform that service. Museums have the potential to kindle individual ambition, to strengthen community ties, to stimulate enquiry, to impart knowledge, to provide aesthetic experiences, and much more.
"Also included in this collection are reflections on the special qualities of art museums, an investigation into the relationship of current copyright law to the visual arts, a detailed consideration of how the museums and legal system of the United States have coped with the problem of Nazi-era art, and a series of delightfully provocative training exercises for those anticipating entry into the museum field. The publication of these essays in one volume ensures that even those previously published in highly specialized journals will get the wide exposure they surely deserve."
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Title A DISCOURSE CONCERNING ALGEBRA. English Algebra To 1685. Author J.A. Stedall. Publisher Oxford University Press, 2002, pp. xii + 294, £55.00.
From the book jacket: "For historians of mathematics and those interested in the history of science, A Discourse Concerning Algebra provides a new and readable account of the rise of algebra in England from the Medieval period to the later years of the seventeenth century. Including new research, this is the most detailed study of early modern English algebra.
The book builds on the history of algebra published in 1685 by John Wallis (Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford), and follows the reception and dissemination of important algebraic ideas and methods from continental Europe (especially those of Viète), and the consequent revolution in English mathematics in the seventeenth century. The text emphasises the contribution of Wallis, but there are also chapters on Harriot, Oughtred, Pell and Brouncker."
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Title STANDARD MATHEMATlCAL TABLES AND FORMULAE, 31st edition. Author D. Zwillinger. Publisher Boca Raton, Florida: Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2003, pp. 910, US$49.95/£32.99.
From the cover: "A perennial bestseller, the 30th edition of CRC Standard Mathematical Tables and Formulae was the first "modern" edition of the handbook -adapted to be useful in the era of personal computers and powerful handheld devices. Now this version will quickly establish itself as the "user-friendly" edition. With a detailed table of contents and an extensive index listing of more than 6,000 entries, the 31st edition of this enormously successful handbook makes information even easier to locate.
New in the 31st edition:
Game theory and voting power
Heuristic search techniques
Risk analysis and decision rules
A table of solutions to Pell's equation
A table of irreducible polynomials in Z2[x]
An interpretation of powers of 10
A collection of "proofs without words"
Representations of groups of small order
Tesselations and tilings
…and much more"
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Title WINNING WAYS FOR YOUR MATHEMATICAL PLAYS. Volume 2, 2nd edition. Author E.R. Berlekamp, J.H. Conway and R.K. Guy. Publisher Natick, Massachusetts: A.K. Peters, 2003, pp. xvii + 197, US$39.00.
From the cover: "In the quarter of a century since three mathematicians and game theorists collaborated to create Winning Ways for Your Mathematical Plays, the book has become the definitive work on the subject of mathematical games. Now carefully broken down into four volumes to accommodate new developments, the Second Edition retains the original's wealth of wit and wisdom, but in a more easily accessible format. The author's insightful strategies, blended with their witty and irreverent styles, make reading a profitable pleasure.
"In Volume 2, the authors have a Change of Heart and bend the rules of Volume 1 to apply them to games that may continue indefinitely or in which "winning" is not necessarily making the last move, such as Cut-cake and Loopy Hackenbush. This essential companion to Volume 1 explores "partizan" games of infinitely many positions and "loopy" unending and impartial games with the same playful tone and rigorous mathematical analysis perfected in the first volume of this classic work."
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Title MEMORY AND DREAMS. The Creative Human Mind. Author G. Christos. Publisher New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2003, pp. xiii + 237, US$29.00.
From the book jacket: "Why do we sleep? Why do we dream? How does the brain turn a collection of new experiences into memories, dreams, and creative thoughts?
"After synthesizing much of what is known about the neurobiological basis of memory and dreaming, Memory and Dreams: The Creative Human Mind offers new interpretations of how memories are formed, the nature of creativity, the purpose of dream sleep, and, in its most original section, the causes of SIDS.
"Memory is represented in the brain by specific neural firing patterns that share common neurons and connections. Mathematical models therefore suggest that the brain can generate its own set of "spurious memories" by combining various features of stored memories. George Christos suggests that these spurious memories represent the basis for creativity and that they are required for new learning."
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Title HEPATITIS B. The Hunt For A Killer Virus. Author B.S. Blumberg. Publisher Princeton University Press, 2002, pp. xii + 244, US$27.95.
From the book jacket: "About 375 million people are infected with the hepatitis B virus. It has killed more people than AIDS and also causes millions of cases of liver cancer. The discovery of this deadly virus and the vaccine against it - a vaccine that is sharply decreasing the infection rate world-wide and is probably the first effective cancer vaccine - was one of the great triumphs of twentieth-century medicine. And it almost didn't happen.
"With wit and insight, this scientific memoir and story of discovery describes how Baruch Blumberg and a team of researchers found a virus they were not looking for and created a vaccine for a disease they previously knew
little about - work that took the author around the world and won him the Nobel Prize.
"Blumberg and his collaborators were investigating relationships between gene distribution and disease susceptibility, research that was yielding interesting data but no real breakthroughs. Many viewed their work as more field trip than science. But, through decades of hard work and investigative twists and turns, their pursuit led to the hepatitis B antigen, the elusive virus itself, and, ultimately, the vaccine. As he takes the reader through the detective work that culminated in his incredible discovery, the author recounts with immediacy exciting moments in the lab and in the field - from a hair-raising flight to Africa to an unpleasant encounter with Alaskan sled dogs.
"The hepatitis B story is more than a fascinating chronicle of a major discovery. What Blumberg followed was a trail of remarkable "accidents" that happen when scientists seek answers to interesting questions. Those events, combined with the investigators' determined persistence, resulted in studies that generated a pharmaceutical industry, have far-flung public-health applications, and saved millions of lives."
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Title WHO WILL KEEP THE PUBLIC HEALTHY? Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century, Author K. Gebbie, L. Rosenstock and L.M. Hernandez (Eds.). Publisher Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2003, pp. xvi + 304, US$42.95.
From the back cover: "Bioterrorism, drug-resistant disease, transmission of disease by global travel…there's no shortage of challenges facing America's public health officials. Men and women preparing to enter the field require state-of-the-art training to meet these increasing threats to the public health. But are the programs they rely on able to provide the high caliber professional training they require?
"Who Will Keep The Public Healthy? provides an overview of the past, present, and future of public health education, assessing its readiness to provide the training and education needed to prepare men and women to face 21st century challenges. Advocating an economical approach to public health, the committee examines the role of public health schools and degree-granting programs, medical schools, nursing schools, government agencies, as well as other institutions that foster public health education and leadership. Recommendations address the content of public health education, qualifications for faculty, availability of supervised practice, opportunities for cross-disciplinary research and education, cooperation with government agencies, and government funding for education.
"Eight areas of critical importance to public health education in the 21st century are examined in depth: informatics, genomics, communication, cultural competence, community-based participatory research, global health, policy and law, and public health ethics. The committee also discusses the policy implications of its ecological framework."
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Title THE COMMON THREAD. A Story of Science, Politics, Ethics, and the Human Genome. Author J. Sulston and G. Ferry. Publisher Washington. D.C. : The Joseph Henry Press, 2002, pp. x + 310, US$24.95.
From the book jacket: " On June 27, 2000, the New York Times printed a headline that astounded the world: "READING THE BOOK OF LIFE… Genetic Code of Human Life Is Cracked by Scientists." Few contributed so directly to this feat as Sir John Sulston, head of the Sanger Centre and leader of the British team working on one of the largest international scientific projects ever undertaken.
"In The Common Thread Sulston and co-author Georgina Ferry take us behind the scenes for an exclusive in-depth look at the controversial and riveting story of the Human Genome Project (or "HGP")- giving American readers their first opportunity to learn the real story behind all the bold headlines. From the joy and exuberance of success to the stark disappointments posed by inevitable failures, the politics, personalities, and ethics are frankly explored.
"John Sulston has long been a fervent proponent of the free and open exchange of scientific information. In 1990, guided by this fundamental principle, he and his fellow project leaders structured the HGP so that all the findings would be made public immediately, available to scientists anywhere on the globe via the World Wide Web. Their goal was both simple and grand: they wanted to encourage an unparalleled international collaboration among the world's medical and biological researchers seeking cures for the diseases that have plagued mankind from time immemorial.
"Then, in May 1998, one of the HGP's key researchers, Craig Venter, announced that he was quitting the Human Genome Project with plans to launch a commercial venture that would bring out the complete sequnce three years hence - effectively beating the HGP to the punch so that he could market the information in a proprietary database. In other words, Venter's company, Celera, would charge scientists for every gene sequence, every decoded strand of the DNA's double helix Celera uncovered. This profit-making brand of science was anathema to Sulston and to all the selfless scientists working on the HGP. Venter's intentions marked the beginning of a dramatic struggle to keep the human genome in the public domain and the flow of scientific information running freely.
"More than the story of human health versus corporate wealth, The Common Thread is at once a compelling history and an impassioned call for ethical responsibility in scientific research. It provides us with a glimpse of our shared human heritage, offering hope for future medical research and a fresh outlook on our understanding of ourselves."
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Title INTEGRITY IN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH. Creating An Environment that Promotes Responsible Conduct. Committee on Assessing Integrity in Research Environments. Author Institute of Medicine National Research Council of The National Academies. Publisher Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2002, pp. xiv + 202, US$24.95.
From the back cover: "Most Americans have a positive attitude toward science and technology. Public confidence in consumer products is boosted by claims that products are "scientifically proven". The public's stamp of approval, however, is not a given. For the scientific community to retain the public's good graces, the people and institutions involved in scientific research must maintain an environment that promotes integrity and accountability.
"So given the complexity of contemporary science, how can researchers, administrators, and funders act effectively against fraud and misconduct? How can research institutions promote ethical conduct?
"Recognizing the inconsistency of human behavior, Integrity in Scientific Research stresses the important role that research institutions play in providing an integrity-rich environment, citing the need for institutions to provide staff with training and education, policies and procedures, and tools and support systems. It identifies practices that characterize integrity in such areas as peer review and research on human subjects and weighs the strengths and limitations of self-evaluation efforts by these institutions. In addition, it details an approach to promoting integrity during the education of researchers, including how to develop an effective curriculum.
"Integrity in Scientific Research attempts to define and describe those elements that enable and encourage individuals involved with scientific research to act with integrity. Providing a framework for research and educational institutions, this important book will be essential for anyone concerned about ethics in the scientific community."
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Title THE CHICAGO GUIDE TO COMMUNICATING SCIENCE. Author S.L. Montgomery. Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2003, pp. xi + 228, US$40.00/£28.00, Cloth; US$15.00/£10.50, Paper.
From the book cover: "Whether you are a graduate student or a senior scientist, your reputation rests on the ability to communicate your ideas and data. In this straightforward and accessible guide, Scott L. Montgomery offers detailed, practical advice on crafting every sort of scientific communication, from research papers and conference talks to review articles, interviews with the media, e-mail messages, and more; he avoids the common pitfalls of other guides by focusing not on rules and warnings but instead on how skilled writers and speakers actually learn their trade - by imitating and adapting good models of expression. Moving step-by-step through samples from a wide variety of scientific disciplines, Montgomery shows precisely how to choose and employ such models, where and how to revise different texts, how to use visuals to enhance your presentation of ideas, and why writing is really a form of experimentation.
"He also traces the evolution of scientific expression over time, providing a context crucial for understanding the nature of technical communication today. Other chapters take up the topics of writing creatively in science; how to design and use graphics; and how to talk to the public about science. Written with humor and eloquence, this book provides a unique and realistic guide for anyone in the sciences wishing to improve his or her communication skills."
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Title THE CRAFT OF RESEARCH, 2nd edition. Author W.C. Booth, G.G. Colomb and J.M. Williams. Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2003, pp. xv + 329, US$30.00 /£21.00 Cloth; US$15.00/£10.50 Paper.
From the back cover: "Since 1995, students, researchers, and professionals have turned to The Craft of Research for clear and helpful guidance on how to conduct research and report it effectively."
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Title STATISTICAL ISSUES IN ALLOCATING FUNDS BY FORMULA. Author T.A. Louis, T.B. Jabine and M.A. Gerstein (Eds.). Publisher Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2003, pp. xiv + 147, US$39.00.
From the executive summary: "This report identifies key issues concerning the design and use of formulas for fund allocation and advances recommendations for improving the process. Most of the panel's conclusions and recommendations fall into one of two overlapping sets: the first pertains to issues created by the interaction between the political process and formula design, the second to internal design and data issues more narrowly. In addition, the panel makes two specific programmatic recommendations."
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Title STATISTICS, SCIENCE AND PUBLIC POLICY. VII. Environment, Health and Globalization. Proceedings of the Conference on Statistics, Science and Public Policy held at Herstmonceux Author A.M. Herzberg and R.W. Oldford (Eds.). Publisher Kingston, Ontario: Queen's University, 2003, pp. xiv + 254, Can$49.95 Cloth; Can$29.95 Paper.
Approximately forty leading scientists, politicians, senior public servants and journalists from several countries met at Herstmonceux Castle in the United Kingdom to consider how to promote better understanding between scientists and policy-makers by focusing on the issues of environment, health and globalization. This volume consists of the edited version of the proceedings of the conference.
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Title RESPONSIBLE RESEARCH. A Systems Approach to Protecting Research Participants. Author D.D. Federman, K.E. Hanna and L.L. Rodriguez (Eds.). Publisher Committee on Assessing the System for Protecting Human Research Participants. Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.
shington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2003 , pp. xix + 290, US$44.95.
From the back cover: "Responsible Research outlines a three-pronged approach to ensure the protection of every participant through the establishment of effective Human Research Participant Protecting Programs (HRPPPs). The approach includes
Improved research review processes,
Recognition and integration of research participants' contributions to the system, and
Vigilant maintenance of HRPPP performance.
"Issues addressed in the book include the need for in-depth, complementary reviews of science, ethics, and conflict of interest; desired qualifications for investigators and reviewers; the process of informed consent; federal and industrial oversight; and the role of accreditation. Recommendations for areas of key interest include suggestions for legislative approaches, compensation for research-related injury, and the refocusing of the mission of Institutional Review Boards."
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Title ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISES IN EMERGING MARKET ECONOMICS, Author M. Feldstein (Ed.). Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2003, pp. x + 530, US$70.00.
From the book jacket: "In the late 1990s, economic and financial crises raged through East Asia, devastating economies that had previously been considered among the strongest in the developing world. The crises eventually spread to Russia, Turkey, and Latin America, and impacted the economies of many industrialized nations as well. In today's increasingly interdependent world, finding ways to reduce the risk of future crises - and to improve the management of crises when they occur - has become an international policy challenge of paramount importance.
"This book rises to that challenge, presenting accessible papers and commentaries on the topic not just from leading academic economists but also from high-ranking government officials (in both industrial and developing nations), senior policymakers at international institutions, and major financial investors. Six non-technical papers, each written by a specialist in the topic, provide essential economic background, introducing sections on exchange rate regimes, financial policies, industrial country policies, IMF stabilization policies, IMF structural programs, and creditor relations. Following each paper, personal statements from the major players give firsthand accounts of what really went on behind the scenes during the crises, giving us a rare glimpse into how international economic policy decisions are actually made. Finally, wide-ranging discussions and debates sparked by these papers and statements are summarized at the end of each section.
"The result is an indispensable overview of the key issues at work in these crises, written by the people who move markets and reshape economies, and acces
sible not just to economists and policymakers but also to educated general readers."
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Title MANAGING CURRENCY CRISES IN EMERGING MARKETS. Author M.P. Dooley and J.A. Frankel (Eds.). Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2003, pp. xi + 443, US$68.00/£48.00.
From the book jacket: "The management of financial crises in emerging markets is a vital and high-stakes challenge in an increasingly global economy. For this reason, it's also a highly contentious issue in today's public policy circles. In this book, leading economists-many of whom have also participated in policy debates on these issues-consider how best to reduce the frequency and costs of such crises."
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Title INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS. The Challenge of Globalization. Author L. Auernheimer (Ed.) Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2003, pp. vii + 332, US$62.00/£43.50.
From the book jacket: "As the globalization of financial markets continues, so does the need to understand the crises that have plagued them and the policies best suited to preventing such crises. In this book prominent economists and policymakers blend conceptual analysis and policy discussion in seven well-integrated papers that analyze the nature of capital flows, alternative exchange-rate regimes, and the roles of international financial institutions."
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Title BAYESIAN STATISTICS 7. Proceedings of the Seventh Valencia International Meeting. Dedicated to Dennis V. Lindley, June 2-6, 2002. Author J.M. Bernardo, M.J. Bayarri, J.O. Berger, A.P. Dawid, D.Heckerman, A.F.M. Smith and M. West (Eds.). Publisher Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2003, pp. xiii + 750, £85.00.
This volume comprises the proceedings of the four-yearly Valencia International Meeting on Bayesian Statistics held June 2 to 6, 2002. This meeting was dedicated to Professor Dennis V. Lindley, a "pioneer and champion of modern Bayesian Statistics, a founding member of the Valencia organizing committee and former Conference President".
The proceedings contain twenty-three invited papers with discussion as well as thirty-one contributed papers.
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Title A COMPUTER CALLED LEO: LYONS TEASHOPS AND THE WORLD'S FIRST OFFICE COMPUTER. Author G. Ferry. Publisher London: Fourth Estate, 2003, pp. xi + 221, £15.99.
From the book jacket: "The Lyons teashops were one of the great British institutions, providing a cup of tea and a penny bun on Britain's high streets through the depression, the war, austerity and on into te 60s and 70s. Behind the scenes, the Lyons catering empire employed armies of clerks to check the bills and keep track of the costs of the tea, cakes, and other goods sold in their cafés and shops. In the 1930s a young manager there, John Simmons, inspired by new doctrines of 'scientific management', had a dream: to build a machine that could automate the millions of transactions and process them at unimagineable speeds.
"A Computer Called Leo recounts the extraordinary story of Simmons's mission; to create a Lyons Electronic Office, the first of its kind in the world. The birth of LEO places Britain, for a moment, at the forefront of global business technology.
"Interwoven with the story of the building of LEO is the story of early computing, from the Differrence Engine of
Charles Babbage to the code-cracking computers of Bletchley Park and the instantly obsolescent ENIAC, developed in the US. It is also the story of the post-war British computer business: why did it lose the initiative? Why did America succeed when British design was often superior? Georgina Ferry's account of a forgotten triumph in British history is a timely corrective and an exuberant celebration of one of the least likely marriages in business history: the Lyons teashop and the cutting edge of computer science."
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Title 50 YEARS OF DNA. Author J.Clayton and C. Dennis (Eds.). Foreword by D. Campbell. Publisher Basingstoke, U.K.: Palgrave MacMillan, 2003, pp. 144, £19.99.
From the back cover: "Crick and Watson's discovery of the structure of DNA 50 years ago marked one of the great turning points in the history of science. Biology, immunology, medicine and genetics have all been radically transformed in the succeeding half-century, and the double helix has become an icon of our times. This fascinating exploration of a scientific phenomenon provides a lucid and engaging account of the background and context for the discovery, its significance and afterlife, while a series of essays by leading scientists, historians and commentators offers uniquely individual perspectives on DNA and its impact on modern science and society.
"Published for the 50th anniversary of the discovery of the structure of DNA, this definitive reference guide includes: a lucid, accessible introduction to DNA for general readers; highlights from 50 years of genetics research; unique interviews with key players, including James Watson; facsimiles of the original 1953 research papers; specially commissioned essays from leading scientists, biographers and commentators; topical and controversial issues, including cloning and genetic enhancement; extensive colour illustration and a glossary explaining all technical terms."
"The model was so pretty that we wanted to believe it no matter what the data might say." James Watson, December 2002.
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Title NATURE VIA NURTURE: Genes, Experience and What Makes Us Human. Author M. Ridley. Publisher London: Fourth Estate, 2003, pp. 328.
From the book jacket: "In February 2001 it was announced that the genome contains not 100.000 genes as originally expected but only 30.000. This startling revision led some scientists to conclude that there are simply not enough human genes to account for all the different ways people behave: we must be made by nurture, not nature. Yet again biology was to be stretched on the Procrustean bed of nature-nurture debate.
"Acclaimed science writer Matt Ridley argues that the emerging truth is far more interesting than this myth. Nurture depends on genes, too, and genes need nurture. Genes not only predetermine the broad structure of the brain, they also absorb formative experiences, react to social cues and even run memory. They are consequences as well as causes of the will.
"Published fifty years after the discovery of the double helix of DNA, Nature via Nurture chronicles a new revolution in our understanding of genes. Ridley recounts the hundred years' war between the partisans of nature and nurture to explain how this paradoxical creature, the human being, can be simultaneously free-willed and motivated by instinct and culture. Nature via Nurture is an enthralling, up-to-the-minute account of how genes build brains to absorb experience."
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Title SEX RATIOS: CONCEPTS AND RESEARCH METHODS. Author I.C.W. Hardy (Ed.) Publisher Cambridge University Press, 2002, pp. xiii + 424, £90.00/US$120.00 Cloth; £32.95/US$48.00 Paper.
From the back cover: "Covering sex allocation, sex determination and operational sex ratios, this multi-author volume provides both a conceptual context and an instruction in methods for many aspects of sex ratio research. Theory, statistical analysis and genetics are each explained and discussed in the first three sections. The remaining chapters each focus on research in one of a wide spectrum of animal, plant and microbial taxa, including sex-ratio-distorting bacteria in invertebrates, malaria parasites, birds, humans and other mammals, giving critical appraisals of such research. Sex Ratios: Concepts and Research Methods is primarily intended for graduate and professional behavioural and evolutionary ecologists in this field, but it will also be useful to biologists building evolutionary models, and researchers analysing data involving proportions or comparisons across phylogenetically related species."
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Title MEASURING THE GAINS FROM MEDICAL RESEARCH. An Economic Approach. Author K.M. Murphy and R.H. Topel (Eds.). Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2003, pp. vi + 263, US$27.50; £19.50.
From the book jacket: "In 1998, health expenditures in the United States accounted for 12.9% of national income – the highest share of income devoted to health in the developed world. The United States also spends more on medical research than any other country – in 2000, the federal government dedicated $18.4 billion to it, compared with only $3.7 billion for the entire European Union. In this book, leading health economists ask whether we are getting our money's worth.
"From an economic perspective, they find, the answer is a resounding "yes": in fact, considering the extraordinary value of improvements to health, we may even be spending too little on medical research. The evidence these papers present and the conclusions they reach are both surprising and convincing: that growth in longevity since 1950 has been as valuable as growth in all other forms of consumption combined; that medical advances producing 10% reductions in mortality from cancer and heart disease alone would add roughly $10 trillion – a year's GDP – to the national wealth; or that the average new drug approved by the FDA yields benefits worth many times its cost of development.
"The papers in this book are packed with these and many other surprising revelations, their sophisticated analysis persuasively demonstrating the massive economic benefits we can gain from investments in medical research. For anyone concerned about the cost and the value of such research – from policy makers to health care professionals and economists – this will be a landmark book. "
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Title REMEMBERING TRAUMA. Author R.J. McNally. Publisher Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003, pp. 420.
From the book jacket: "Are horrific experiences indelibly fixed in a victim's memory? Or does the mind protect itself by banishing traumatic memories from consciousness? How victims remember trauma is the most divisive issue in psychology today, spilling out of consulting rooms and laboratories, capturing headlines, rupturing families, provoking legislative change, and influencing outcomes in criminal trials and civil suits. This book is the first comprehensive, balanced analysis of the clinical and scientific evidence bearing on this issue – and the first to provide definitive answers to the urgent questions at the heart of the controversy.
"Synthesizing clinical case reports, the vast research literature on the effects of stress, suggestion and trauma on memory, and his own laboratory's studies of people who report recovering previously repressed memories of trauma, Richard McNally concludes that traumatic experiences are indeed unforgettable. Although some survivors of trauma can avoid thinking about their experiences for long periods of time, a failure to think about trauma is not the same as an inability to remember it. In fact, the evidence for repressed memories of trauma – or even for repression at all – is surpsingly weak."
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Title THE CAMBRIDGE HISTORY OF SCIENCE: Volume 4. Eighteenth-Century Science. Author R. Porter (Ed.). Publisher Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. xxx + 912, £65.00/US$95.00.
From the book jacket: "This volume offers to general and specialist readers alike the fullest and most complete survey of the development of science in the eighteenth century, exploring the implications of the "Scientific Revolution" of the previous century and the major new growth points, particularly in the experimental sciences. It is designed to be read as both a narrative and an interpretation, and also to be
used as a work of reference. Attention is paid to Western science, science in traditional cultures, and colonial science. The coverage strikes a balance between analysis of the cognitive dimension of science itself and interpretation of its wider social, economic, and cultural significance. The contributors, world leaders in their respective specialties, engage with current historiographical and methodological controversies and strike out positions of their own."
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Title MASTERS OF THEORY. Cambridge and the rise of Mathematical Physics. Author A. Warwick. Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2003, pp. xiv + 572, US$29.00/£20.50 Paper.
"When Isaac Newton published the Principia three centuries ago, only a few scholars were capable of understanding his conceptually demanding work. Yet this esoteric knowledge quickly became accessible in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries when Britain produced many leading mathematical physicists. In this book, Andrew Warwick shows how the education of these "masters of theory" led them to transform our understanding of everything from the flight of a boomerang to the structure of the universe.
"Warwick focuses on Cambridge University, where many of the best physicists trained. He begins by tracing the dramatic changes in undergraduate education there since the eighteenth century, especially the gradual emergence of the private tutor as the most important teacher of mathematics. Next he explores the material culture of mathematics instruction, showing how the humble pen and paper so crucial to this study transformed everything from classroom teaching to final examinations. Balancing their intense intellectual work with strenuous physical exercise, the students themselves – known as the "Wranglers" – helped foster the competitive spirit that drove them in the classroom and informed the Victorian ideal of a manly student. Finally, by investigating several historical cases, such as the reception of Albert Einstein's special and general theories of relativity, Warwick shows how the production, transmission, and reception of new knowledge was profoundly shaped by the skills taught to Cambridge undergraduates.
"Drawing on a wealth of new archival evidence and illustration, Masters of Theory examines the origins of a cultural tradition within which the complex world of theoretical physics was made commonplace."
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Title SAFE FOOD. Bacteria, Biotechnology and Bioterrorism. Author M. Nestle. Publisher Berkeley, California: University of Chicago Press, 2003, pp. xvi + 350, US$27.50.
From the book jacket: "Food safety is a matter of intense public concern, and for good reason. Millions of cases of food "poisonings" annually raise alarm not only about the food served in restaurants and fast-food outlets but also about foods bought in supermarkets.
"The introduction of genetically modified foods – immediately dubbed "Frankenfoods" – only adds to the general sense of unease. Finally the events of September 11, 2001, heightened fears by exposing the vulnerability of food and water supplies to attacks by bioterrorists. How concerned should we be about such problems? Who is responsible for preventing them? Who benefits from ignoring them? Who decides?
"Marion Nestle, author of the critically acclaimed Food Politics, argues that ensuring safe food involves more than washing hands or cooking food to higher temperatures. It involves politics. When it comes to food safety, billions of dollars are at stake, and industry, government, and consumers collide over issues of values, economics, and political power – and not always in the public interest. Although the debates may appear to be about science, Nestle maintains that they really are about control: Who decides when a food is safe?
"She demonstrates how powerful food industries oppose safety regulations, deny accountability, and blame consumers when something goes wrong, and how century-old laws for ensuring food safety no longer protect our food supply. She draws on three examples: microbial contamination of meat and poultry, genetically modified ingredients in supermarket products, and newly emerging hazards – bioterrorism among them. If, as she says, food safety is a matter of politics, then problems of food safety require political solutions. Ensuring safe food requires government and industry to act more in the public interest, and consumers to exert democratic rights as citizens to make sure that they do."
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Title HOW THE COWS TURNED MAD. Author M. Schwartz. Translated by E. Schneider. Publisher Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2003, pp. vii + 238, US$24.95.
From the book jacket: "Fear of mad cow disease, a lethal illness transmitted from infected beef to humans, has spread from Europe to the United States and around the world.
"Originally published to much acclaim in France, this scientific thriller, available in English for the first time and updated with a new chapter on developments in 2001, tells of the hunt for the cause of an enigmatic class of fataI brain infections of which mad cow disease is the latest incarnation. ln gripping nontechnical prose Maxime Schwartz details the deadly manifestations of these diseases throughout history, describes the major players and events that led to discoveries about their true nature, and outlines our current state of knowledge. The book concludes by addressing the question we all want answered: should we be afraid?
"The story begins in the eighteenth century with the identification of a mysterious illness called scrapie that was killing British sheep. It was not until the 1960s that scientists understood that several animal and human diseases, including scrapie, were identical, and identified them together as transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE). The various guises assumed throughout history by TSE include an illness called kuru in a cannibalistic tribe in Papua New Guinea, an infectious disease that killed a group of children who had been treated for growth hormone deficiencies, and mad cow disease. Revealing the fascinating process of scientific discovery that led to our knowledge of TSE, Schwartz relates pivotal events in the history of biology, including the Pasteurian revolution, the birth of genetics, the emergence of molecular biology, and the latest developments in biotechnology. He also explains the Nobel Prize-winning prion hypothesis, which has rewritten the rules of biological heredity and is a key link between the distinctive diseases of TSE."
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Title RICH DEMOCRACIES. POLITICAL ECONOMY, PUBLIC POLICY, AND PERFORMANCE. Author H.L. Wilensky. Publisher Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2002, pp. xxxi + 891, US$45.00.
From the back cover: "In this landmark work, the culmination of thirty years of systematic comprehensive comparison of nineteen rich democracies, Harold Wilensky answers two basic questions about their similarities and differences: (1) What is distinctly modern about modern societies - in what ways are they becoming alike? (2) How do variations in types of political economy shape system performance – such outcomes as economic performance, political legitimacy, equality, job security, safety, real health, and the reduction of poverty and environmental threats?
"Drawing on quantitative data and case studies covering the past fifty years and more than four hundred interviews he conducted with top decision-makers and advisors, Wilensky provides a richly detailed account of the common social, economic, and labor problems modern governments confront and their contrasting styles of conflict resolution. He concludes with a fresh look at theories of "American exceptionalism." The result is new light on the likely paths of development of rich democracies as they become richer."
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Title A FIELD GUIDE TO DIGITAL COLOR. Author M.C. Stone. Publisher Natick, Massachusetts: A.K. Peters, 2003, pp. xv + 326, US$48.00.
From the back cover: "Noted color expert Maureen Stone lends her experience to readers in this tour through the technical intricacies of creating and managing digital color. A practical approach to available tools, technologies, and strategies makes this book a must-have user's guide. A valuable resource for computer graphics professionals and graphic designers. A Field Guide to Digital Color addresses topics such as: color reproduction, color appearance, image capture and encoding, color in computer graphics, RGB and brightness, additive and subtractive color."
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Title THE MEDIA EQUATION. How People Treat Computers, Television and New Media Like Real People and Places. Author B. Reeves and C. Nass. Publisher Stanford, California: Center for the Study of Language and Information, 2002, pp. xiv + 305, US$22.00.
From the back cover: "According to popular wisdom, humans never relate to a computer or a television program in the same way they relate to another human being. Or do they? In an extraordinary revision of received wisdom, Byron Reeves and Clifford Nass demonstrate convincingly in The Media Equation that interactions with computers, television, and new communication technologies are identical to real social relationships and to the navigation of real physical spaces."
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Title A COMMENTARY TO KANT'S CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON. Author N.K. Smith. Publisher Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2003, pp. Lxiv + 651, £25.00.
From the back cover: "Of all the major philosophical works, Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is one of the most rewarding, yet one of the most difficult. Norman Kemp Smith's Commentary elucidates not only textual questions and minor issues, but also the central problems which arise, he contends, from the conflicting tendencies of Kant's own thinking. Kemp Smith's Commentary continues to be in demand with Kant scholars, and for this reissue of the classic 1923 edition, Sebastian Gardner provides a new introduction to reveal the continued value of Kemp Smith's Commentary in the contemporary context."
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Title AN INTRODUCTION TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE. THEORY AND REALITY. Author P. Godfrey-Smith. Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2003, pp. xiii + 272, US$24.00/£17.00.
From the back cover: "How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science.
"Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and Reality covers logical positivism; the problems of induction and confirmation; Karl Popper's theory of science; Thomas Kuhn and "scientific revolutions"; the views of Imre Lakatos, Larry Laudan, and Paul Feyerabend; and challenges to the field from sociology of science, feminism and science studies. The book then looks in more detail at some specific problems and theories, including scientific realism, the theory-ladenness of observation, scientific explanation, and Bayesianism. Finally, Godfrey-Smith defends a form of philosophical naturalism as the best way to solve the main problems in the field.
"Throughout the text he points out connections between philosophical debates and wider discussions about science in recent decades, such as the infamous "science wars". Examples and asides engage the beginning student; a glossary of terms explains key concepts; and suggestions for further reading are included at the end of each chapter. However, this is a textbook that doesn't feel like a textbook because it captures the historical drama of changes in how science has been conceived over the last one hundred years.
"Like no other text in this field, Theory and Reality combines a survey of recent history of the philosophy of science with current key debates in language that any beginning scholar or critical reader can follow."
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Title MATHEMATICS AND MUSIC. A DIDEROT MATHEMATICAL FORUM. Author G. Assayag, H.G. Feichtinger and J.F. Rodrigues. (Eds.). Publisher Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2002, pp. xviii + 288, US$79.95.
From the back cover: "In Western Civilization mathematics and music have a long and interesting history in common, with several interactions, traditionally associated with the name of Pythagoras but also with a signifficant number of other mathematicians, like Leibniz, for instance. Mathematical models can be found for almost all levels of musical activities from composition to sound production by traditional instruments or by digital means. Modern music theory has been incorporating more and more mathematical content during the last decades. This book offers a journey into recent work reating music and mathematics lt contains a large variety of articles, covering the historical aspects, the influence of logic and mathematical thought in composition, perception and understanding of music and the computational aspects of musical sound processing. The authors illustrate the rich and deep interactions that exist between Mathematics and Music."
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Title WINNING WAYS FOR YOUR MATHEMATICAL PLAYS. Volume 3, 2nd edition. Author E.R. Berlekamp, J.H. Conway and R.K. Guy. Publisher Natick, Massachusetts: A.K. Peters, 2003, pp. xxi + 341, US$49.00.
From the back cover: "In the quarter of a century since three mathematicians and game theorists collaborated to create Winning Ways for Your Mathematical Plays, the book has become the definitive work on the subject of mathematical games.
"Now carefully revised and broken down into four volumes to accommodate new developments, the second edition retains the original's wealth of wit and wisdom. The author's insightful strategies, blended with their witty and irreverent styles, make reading a profitable pleasure.
"In Volume 3, the authors examine Games played in Clubs, giving case studies for coin and paper-and-pencil games, such as Dots and Boxes and Nimstring."
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Title MUTUAL FUNDS. RISK AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR DECISION MAKING. Author J.A. Haslem. Publisher Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2003, pp. ix + 578, £50.00.
This book gives a full overview of the mutual fund business from governance to risk management and invest-ment styles. It is non-technical in exposition but holistic in its treatment of the subject. It contains a wealth of infor-mation for the researcher and (professional) investor alike.
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