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Short Book Reviews

Short notes 1998


SCIENCE AT OXFORD, 1914-1939. Transforming an Arts University. J. Morrell.
CREATING THE COLD WAR UNIVERSITY. R.S. Lowen. Berkeley,
EINSTEIN'S MIRROR. T. Hey and P. Walters.
WHAT IS LIFE? The Next Fifty Years. Speculations on the Future of Biology. M.P. Murphy and L.A.J. O'Neill(Eds.).
DEMANDING MEDICAL EXCELLENCE. Doctors and Accountability in the Information Age. M.L. Millenson.
INTELLIGENCE, GENES, AND SUCCESS. Scientists Respond to the Bell Curve. B. Devlin, S.E. Fienberg, D.P. Resnick and K. Roeder (Eds.).
CHAOS THEORY TAMED. G.P. Williams.
COMBINATORICS, GEOMETRY AND PROBABILITY. A Tribute to Paul Erdös. B. Bollobás and A. Thomason (Eds.).
THE JOY OF ð. D. Blatner.
THE LARGE, THE SMALL AND THE HUMAN MIND. R. Penrose and M. Longair (Eds.).
A TALE OF TWO CONTINENTS. A Physicist's Life in a Turbulent World. A. Pais.
THE CORRESPONDENCE OF CHARLES DARWIN. Volume 10. 1862. F. Burkhardt, et al.
YES, WE HAVE NO NEUTRONS. AN EYE-OPENING TOUR THROUGH THE TWISTS AND TURNS OF BAD SCIENCE. A.K. Dewdney.
CARL SAGAN'S UNIVERSE. Y. Terzian and E. Bilson (Eds.).
STATISTICAL CASE STUDIES FOR INDUSTRIAL PROCESS IMPROVEMENT. V. Czitron and P.D. Spagon (Eds.).
BAYESIAN STATISTICS: An Introduction, 2nd edition. P.M. Lee.
THE PRACTICE OF DATA ANALYSIS. Essays in Honor of John W. Tukey. D.R. Brillinger, L.T. Fernholz and S. Morganthaler (Eds.).
STATISTICS AND TRUTH. Putting Chance to Work, 2nd edition. C.R. Rao.
CONFERENCE ON STATISTICAL SCIENCE HONOURING THE BICENTENNIAL OF STEFANO FRANSCINI'S BIRTH. Ascona, November 18-20, 1996. C. Malaguerra, S. Morgenthaler and E. Ronchetti (Eds.).
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF STATISTICAL SCIENCES. Update Volume 2. S. Kotz (Ed.).
ACTUALITÉ ET UNIVERSALITÉ DE LA PENSÉE SCIENTIFIQUE D'ADOLPHE QUETELET. Actes du Colloque Organisé à l'Occasion du Bicentenaire de sa Naissance. Palais des Académies 24-25 Oct P. Roberts-Jones.
THE PROGRESS OF EXPERIMENT. Science and Therapeutic Reform in the United States, 1900-1990. H.M. Marks.
FOUNDATIONS OF PROBABILITY, ECONOMETRICS AND ECONOMIC GAMES SERIES. O.F. Hamouda and J.C.R. Rowley.
ACADEMIC DUTY. D. Kennedy.
SCIENCE, POLICY AND RISK. A Discussion Meeting held at the Royal Society on Tuesday 18 March 1997.
STATISTICS, SCIENCE AND PUBLIC POLICY. Proceedings of the Conference on Statistics, Science and Public Policy held at Herstmonceux Castle, Hailsham, U.K., April 10-13, 1996. A.M. Herzberg and I. Krupka(Eds.).
PERILS OF A RESTLESS PLANET. Scientific Perspectives on Natural Disasters. E. Zebrowski, Jr.
THE ECOLOGY OF PLACE. Planning for Environment, Economy, and Community. T. Beatley and K. Manning.
NATURE'S SERVICES. Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. G.C. Daily (Ed.).
SIMPLE THINGS WON'T SAVE THE EARTH. J.R. Hunter.
BRIGHT GALAXIES. Dark Matters. V. Rubin.
SLANTED TRUTHS. Essays on Gaia, Symbiosis, and Evolution. L. Margulis and D. Sagan.
TIBALDO AND THE HOLE IN THE CALENDAR. A. Shimony. Illustrated by J. Shimony.
RAMANUJAN'S NOTEBOOKS, Part V. B.C. Berndt.
THE UNIVERSE UNFOLDING. Sir Herman Bondi and M. Weston-Smith (Eds.).
THE STORY OF THE SPIN. S.-I. Thomonaga. Translated by T. Oka.
ANIMAL GROUPS IN THREE DIMENSIONS. J.K. Parrish and W.M. Hamner (Eds.).
CURES OUT OF CHAOS. How Unexpected Discoveries Led to Breakthroughs in Medicine and Health. M.L. Podolsky. Foreword by D.E. Koshland, Jr.
THE POWERFUL PLACEBO. From Ancient Priest to Modern Physician. A.K. Shapiro and E. Shapiro.
GEOMETRIC UNIVERSE. Science, Geometry and the Work of Roger Penrose. S. A. Hugget, L.J. Mason, K.P. Tod, S.T. Tson and J. Woodhouse.
BELIEF IN GOD IN AN AGE OF SCIENCE. J. Polkinghorne
THE NUMBER SENSE. How the Mind Creates Mathematics. S. Dehaene
THE JUNGLES OF RANDOMNESS. A Mathematical Safari. I. Peterson.
BEYOND CALCULATION. The Next Fifty Years of Computing. P.J. Denning and R.M. Metcalfe. Foreword by J. Burke
BRUCELLOSIS IN THE GREATER YELLOSTONE AREA. N.F. Cheville, D.R. McCullough and L.R. Paulson
THE DEFINING MOMENT. The Great Depression and the American Economy in the Twentieth Century. M.D. Bordo, C. Golding and E.N. White (Eds.).
THE EVOLUTION OF RETIREMENT. An American Economic History, 1880-1990. D.L. Cost
THE PRINCE NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI, 2nd edition. H.C. Mansfield.
ASTRONOMY THROUGH THE AGES. The Story of the Human Attempt to Understand the Universe. R. Wilson
EYES ON THE UNIVERSE. The Story of the Telescope. P. Moore
SOMETHING NEW UNDER THE SUN. Satellites and the Beginning of the Space Age. H. Gavaghan
THE CRAFT OF SCIENTIFIC WRITING, 3rd edition. M. Alley
MATHEMATICALLY SPEAKING. A Dictionary of Quotations. C.C. Gaither and A.E. Cavazos-Gaither.

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Title SCIENCE AT OXFORD, 1914-1939. Transforming an Arts University.
Author J. Morrell.
Publisher Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997, pp. xvii + 473, ,55.00.

From the book cover: "Oxford University has not always possessed the high reputation in the sciences for which it is now renowned: it was not until the period between this century's two world wars that science was firmly established in the university previously noted for its devotion to arts subjects. By 1939, de-spite only modest increases in the number of fellows or undergraduates in science, Oxford had developed an important new research identity. This transformation took place in the face of considerable opposition. The powers of the colleges, the poverty of the University relative to collegiate wealth, and the heightened individualism endemic in a polycratic university combined to produce academic conservatism which, even in the early twenties, could argue that Oxford should cede science to Cambridge and concentrate on its more traditional strengths in the arts.
"Morrell shows how the innovators in the sciences coped with these idiosyncrasies and mustered a variety of resources, including government depart-ments, leading industrialists, philanthropic trusts, and individual benefactors, to overcome academic inertia and to promote their subjects. Those interested in the institutionalization of science will find this study particularly important: it is the first book in English to examine the development of all the sciences in a major university of the twentieth century."

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Title CREATING THE COLD WAR UNIVERSITY.
Author R.S. Lowen. Berkeley,
Publisher California: University of California Press, 1997, pp. xii + 316, US$45.00.

From the book jacket: "The 'cold war university' is the academic component of the military-industrial-academic complex, and its archetype, according to Rebecca Lowden, is Stanford University. Her book challenges the conventional wisdom that the post-World War II 'multiversity' was the creation of military patrons on the one hand and academic scientists on the other. Creating the Cold War University focuses on the crucial role played by university administrators, driven by ideology and by institutional needs for prestige and money, in making their universities dependent upon military, foundations, and industrial patronage.
"Effectively contesting the view that the 'federal grant university' arose inevitably with the outpouring of federal support for science after the war, Lowden points instead to the Depression, which put financial pressures on universities and pushed academic administrators to see new modes of funding. She describes how these administrators, with the help of some scientists transformed their universities during World War II and the cold war to attract patronage from the military and other sources. The changes unfold in rich detail: academic programs in the natural and social sciences reoriented, the importance of undergraduate instruction minimized, 'academic entrepreneurship' hailed as the normative behavior of university professors, and dissent to this transformation of the university relentlessly suppressed.
"With the end of the cold war and the tightening of federal budgets, universities again face pressures not unlike those of the 1930s. Lowen's analysis of how the university became dependent upon the state is essential reading for those concerned about the future of higher education in the post-cold war era."

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Title EINSTEIN'S MIRROR.
Author T. Hey and P. Walters.
Publisher CambridgeUniversity Press, 1997, pp. xii + 291, £50.00/US$69.95 Cloth; ,16.95/US$27.95 Paper.

From the book cover: "The young Einstein was haunted by a strange thought: would his image appear in a mirror whilst he and the mirror were moving at the speed of light? His questions were resolved with the creation of the theory of special relativity. Einstein's Mirror is a book on relativity with a difference. Following the successful format of their earlier book, The Quantum Universe, the authors blend a simple, non-mathematical account of the underlying theory of special relativity and gravitation with a description of the way these theories have been triumphantly supported by experiment.
"This book presents a dramatic account of relativity and its immense value in understanding the universe. Novel features include detailed accounts of the role relativity has played in atomic and nuclear physics - from John Dalton's atomic model to Los Alamos and the atomic bomb. The book describes the varied applications of relativity, from satellite navigation systems, particle accelerators and nuclear power to anti-matter, black holes and the origin of the universe. A final chapter looks at the influence of ideas from Einstein's relativity on the development of science fiction from H.G. Wells' The Time Machine to Star Wars and Star Trek. The text is enlivened and supported by a superb collection of colour and black-and-white photographs and by a sprinkling of anecdotes.
"Einstein's Mirror provides a fascinating and accessible introduction to one of the most exciting and important scientific discoveries of the twentieth century. Final-year students at school, general readers with an interest in science and undergraduates in science subjects will all be able to enjoy and benefit from this novel exposition."

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Title WHAT IS LIFE? The Next Fifty Years. Speculations on the Future of Biology.
Author M.P. Murphy and L.A.J. O'Neill(Eds.).
Publisher Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. xi + 191, £17.95/US$25.95 Cloth; £9.95/ US$15.95 Paper.

From the book cover: "Erwin Schrödinger's book What is Life? had a tremendous influence on the development of molecular biology, stimulating scientists such as Watson and Crick to explore the physical basis of life. Much of the appeal of Schrödinger's book lay in its approach to the central problems in biology - heredity and how organisms use energy to maintain order - from a physicist's perspective.
"At Trinity College, Dublin, a number of out-standing scientists from a range of disciplines gathered to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of What is Life? and following Schrödinger's example fifty years previously, presented their view on the current central problems in biology. The contributors to this volume include Stephen Jay Gould, Roger Penrose, Jared Diamond, Manfred Eigen, John Maynard Smith, Christien de Duve and Lewis Wolpert. This collection is essential reading for anyone interested in biology and its future."

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Title DEMANDING MEDICAL EXCELLENCE. Doctors and Accountability in the Information Age.
Author M.L. Millenson.
Publisher University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp. xiv + 435, US$24.25.

From reviews of the book: "This readily understandable and well-written book should be read by everyone who has a stake in the quality of American medicine-patients, physicians, and policymakers. It presents a comprehensive account of the way the information age is transforming the medical landscape." CC. Everett Koop, former surgeon general of the United States.
"Millenson traces the medical quality movement from its roots in the work of Florence Nightingale to the cutting-edge practices of today. He is relentless in highlighting missed opportunities to improve the quality of American medicine and in pointing out ways in which we can take advantage of those opportunities." -David Blumenthal, chief of health policy, Harvard Medical School.

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Title INTELLIGENCE, GENES, AND SUCCESS. Scientists Respond to the Bell Curve.
Author B. Devlin, S.E. Fienberg, D.P. Resnick and K. Roeder (Eds.).
Publisher New York: Springer-Verlag, 1997, pp. xi + 376, US$27.00.

From the book cover: "The Bell Curve drew a lot of attention. But was it sound science? When it was first published in 1994. Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray's bestselling book The Bell Curve set off a fire-storm of controversy about the relationship over genetics, IQ, and various social outcomes. Much of the reaction was polemical and based on whether readers agreed with the authors' conclusions about welfare dependency, crime, and differences in earnings. But how valid were the statistical, genetical, and psycho-social arguments underlying the book's conclusions? In Intelligence, Genes, and Success, a group of respected social scientists and statisticians presents a scientific response to the The Bell Curve."
The book is divided into five parts: 1. Over-view, 2. The genetics-intelligence link, 3. Intelligence and measurement of IQ, 4. Intelligence and success: Reanlayses of data from the NLSY, 5. The Bell curve and public policy.

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Title CHAOS THEORY TAMED.
Author G.P. Williams.
Publisher Washington, D.C.:Joseph Henry Press (National Academy of Science), 1997, pp. xvii + 499, US$34.95.

Jan Stewart in a review states: "Overall this is an excellent primer on the practical aspects of chaos... . I like the down-to-earth, no-frills style. The author should be congratulated on the selection of material and treatment."

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Title COMBINATORICS, GEOMETRY AND PROBABILITY. A Tribute to Paul Erdös.
Author B. Bollobás and A. Thomason (Eds.).
Publisher Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. xxi + 562, £60.00/US$100.00.

From the back cover: "Paul Erdös was one of the greatest and most famous mathematicians of the century, known the world over for his brilliant ideas and stimulating questions. On the date of his 80th birthday a conference was held in his honour at Trinity College, Cambridge. Many leading combinatorialists attended. Their subsequent contributions are collected here. The areas represented range from set theory and geometry, through graph theory, group theory and combinatorial probability, to randomized algorithms and statistical physics. Erdös himself gave a survey of recent progress made on his favourite problems. Consequently this volume, comprised of in-depth studies at the frontier of research, provides a valuable panorama across the breadth of combinatorics as it is today."

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Title THE JOY OF ð.
Author D. Blatner.
Publisher New York: Walker, 1997, pp. 123, £12.99.

From the paper jacket: "Few mathematical mysteries have captured the imagination as much as pi: the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter. For four thousand years we have puzzled over this transcendental number. In The Joy of Pi David Blatner explores its extraordinary history, from Archimedes to Leonardo da Vinci, from Newton to the modern-day Chudnovsky brothers, currently calculating pi into the billions with a home-made supercomputer. Other contemporary pi eccentrics include Hideaki Tomoyori, who recently recited pi to 40,000 places from memory, taking seventeen hours and twenty-one minutes.
"As well as stories of those obsessed with the number, The Joy of Pi includes pi-inspired cartoons, poems, limericks and jokes; devices to teach you how to memorize pi; and the calculation of pi to the first one million digits - enough to satisfy all but the most exacting of pi eccentrics.
"As Blatner writes, 'Pi teaches us about the limits of our own comprehension, clearly marking the boundary between the finite and the infinite. There's little doubt that if we understood this number better we'd have a deeper understanding of mathematics and the physics of our universe. But the number has always held its cards tight to its chest, ceding little ground in the battle for human comprehension!"

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Title THE LARGE, THE SMALL AND THE HUMAN MIND.
Author R. Penrose and M. Longair (Eds.).
Publisher Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. xviii + 185, ,14.95/ US$19.95.

This volume provides an introduction to Roger Penrose's vision of theoretical physics for the 21st Century. It summarizes the ideas given in his previous books "The Emperor's New Mind" [Short Book Reviews, Vol. 10. p.21] and "Shadows of the Mind" [Short Book Reviews, Vol. 15. p.1]. These are contributions by A. Shimony, N. Cartwright and S. Hawking.

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Title A TALE OF TWO CONTINENTS. A Physicist's Life in a Turbulent World.
Author A. Pais.
Publisher Princeton University Press, 1997, pp. xvi + 511, US$35.00/,25.00.

From the paper jacket: "'People like myself, who truly feel at home in several countries, are not strictly at home anywhere,' writes Abraham Pais, one of the world's leading theoretical physicists, near the beginning of this engrossing chronicle of his life on two continents. The author of an immensely popular biography of Einstein, Subtle Is the Lord, Pais writes engagingly for a general audience. His "tale" describes his period of hiding in Nazi-occupied Holland (he ended the war in a Gestapo prison) and his life in America, particularly at the newly organized Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, then directed by the bril-liant and controversial physicist Robert Oppenheimer. Pais tells fascinating stories about Oppenheimer, Einstein, Bohr, Sakharov, Dirac, Heisenberg, and von Neumann, as well as about non-scientists like Chaim Weizmann, George Kennan, Erwin Panofsky, and Pablo Casals. His enthusiasm about science and life in general pervades a book that is partly a memoir, partly a travel commentary, and partly a history of science.
"Pais's charming recollections of his years as a university student become sombre with the German invasion of the Netherlands in 1940. He was presented with an unusual deadline for his graduate work: a German decree that July 14, 1941, would be the final date on which Dutch Jews could be granted a doctoral degree. Pais received the degree, only to be forced into hiding from the Nazi's in 1943, practically next door to Anne Frank. After the war, he went to the Institute of Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen to work with Niels Bohr. 1946 began his years at the Institute for Advanced Study, where he worked first as a Fellow and then as a Professor until his move to Rockefeller University in 1963. Combining his understanding of disparate social and political worlds, Pais comments just as insightfully on Oppenheimer's ordeals during the McCarthy era as he does on his own and his European colleagues' struggles during World War II."

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Title THE CORRESPONDENCE OF CHARLES DARWIN. Volume 10. 1862.
Author F. Burkhardt, et al.
Publisher Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. xxvii + 936, ,50.00/US$69.95.

From the book jacket: This volume is the tenth of the complete edition of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin.
"Letters were of crucial importance to Darwin's work, not only because his poor health isolated him from direct personal communication with his scientific colleagues, but also because of the nature of his investigations required communication with naturalists in many fields and in all quarters of the globe."
The letters in this volume shed new light on Darwins life and work in the period after the first reaction to the Origin of the Species.
"In May, Darwin published his book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids to very considerable applause from the botanical community: As Darwin franckly acknowledged to his friend and supporter, the American botanist Asa Gray, the book was designed as a `"flank movement" on the enemy'C a way of including sceptics to admit the truth of natural selection through the back door."
"The letters reveal the hectic nature of Darwin's family life in this year: following his son Horace's illnesss early in the year; his wife Emma and son Leonard both conracted scarlet fever in the summer. On holiday in Bournemouth, where the invalids were recuperating, Darwin's letters reveal his concern for the health of his loved ones, but also his frustration at the resulting time lost from his work. As ever, his friend Joseph Dalton Hooker was a source of encouragement and advice, as well as the provider of scientific information and specimens throughout the year. Preoccupied with his botanical research, it was autumn before Darwin recommenced preparing his intended magnum opus on variation in domesticated plants and animals, sending out further queries to his vast network of informants."

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Title YES, WE HAVE NO NEUTRONS. AN EYE-OPENING TOUR THROUGH THE TWISTS AND TURNS OF BAD SCIENCE.
Author A.K. Dewdney.
Publisher New York: Wiley, 1997, pp. 180, ,17.99/US$22.95.

The author of 200% of Nothing looks at eight famous cases of bad science including the search for extra-terrestrial intelligence, Binet's IQ theory and neural nets.

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Title CARL SAGAN'S UNIVERSE.
Author Y. Terzian and E. Bilson (Eds.).
Publisher Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. xiii + 282, £40.00/US$59.95 Cloth;£14.95/US$22.95 Paper.

From the back cover: "The book is divided into four sections, the first two of which provide an absorbing overview of the US space program (as well as a complementary account of the Russian program), and of the history and current status of the search for extra-terrestrial life. The final two sections deal with the importance of science education in the successful development of a technological society, and of the shaping of science policy in tackling the problems facing us today. Also included is a separate chapter by Sagan himself, discussing the place and role of our planet and mankind in the universe."

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Title STATISTICAL CASE STUDIES FOR INDUSTRIAL PROCESS IMPROVEMENT.
Author V. Czitron and P.D. Spagon (Eds.).
Publisher Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 1997, pp. xxvii + 514 + 2 disks, US$48.50.

This volume contains case studies that illustrate the use of statistical methods to improve manufacturing processes.

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Title BAYESIAN STATISTICS: An Introduction, 2nd edition.
Author P.M. Lee.
Publisher London: Arnold, 1997, pp. xii + 344, £19.99.

[Original 1989; Short Book Reviews, Vol. 10. p.4].

An additional chapter has been added which deals with hierarchical methods in Bayesian statistics and gives a fuller treatment of empirical Bayes methods.

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Title THE PRACTICE OF DATA ANALYSIS. Essays in Honor of John W. Tukey.
Author D.R. Brillinger, L.T. Fernholz and S. Morganthaler (Eds.).
Publisher Princeton University Press, 1997, pp. viii + 337, US$49.50/,34.95.

In June 1995, a two-day symposium was held at Princeton University in honour of Professor John W. Tukey. This festschrift to Professor Tukey includes the papers presented at the symposium, a short biography, a curriculum vitae, a speech by Elizabeth Tukey and the transcript of the conversation with Professor Tukey which took place during the symposium.

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Title STATISTICS AND TRUTH. Putting Chance to Work, 2nd edition.
Author C.R. Rao.
Publisher Singapore: World Scientific, 1997, pp. xvii + 192, US$36.00. [Original 1989; Short Book Reviews, Vol. 10, p.1]

The material of the first volume has been expanded to five chapters "to provide a coherent ac-count of the development of statistics from its origin as collection and compilation of data for administrative purposes to a fully-fledged separate scientific discipline of study and research. The relevance of statistics in all scientific investigations and decision making is demonstrated through a number of examples. Finally, a completely new chapter (sixth) on the public understanding of statistics, which is of general interest, is added."

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Title CONFERENCE ON STATISTICAL SCIENCE HONOURING THE BICENTENNIAL OF STEFANO FRANSCINI'S BIRTH. Ascona, November 18-20, 1996.
Author C. Malaguerra, S. Morgenthaler and E. Ronchetti (Eds.).
Publisher Basel: Birkhäuser, 1997, pp. 245, Sw.fr.88.00.

"This book is a compilation of contributions presented by statisticians from universities, research institutes and national statistical services based in Europe, North America and Asia during the Conference on 'Statistical Science' held in Monte Verità on 18-20 November 1996. This Conference was organized in tribute to Stefano Franscini to mark the bicentennial of his birth. Franscini was the first Italian-speaking Swiss to become a member of the Swiss Government and he spearheaded the use of statistics in policy fields such as education, economic development and politics."
Part One of the book gives a historical appraisal of Stefano Franscini's life and work. Part Two comprises papers on the relationship between statistical science and official statistics. Part Three gives a series of studies on new and emerging methodological issues in survey sampling and data analysis, highlighting some key repercussions of applied statistics research on data analysis.

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Title ENCYCLOPEDIA OF STATISTICAL SCIENCES. Update Volume 2.
Author S. Kotz (Ed.).
Publisher New York: Wiley, 1998, pp. xv + 745, ,115.00. [Original 1982-1989; Volume 1 reviewed in Short Book Reviews, Vol. 2, p.13.]

This book is the second of three volumes to be published as an update of the Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences. The entries are written by the editor and experts in the field, and are the latest topics or those left out of the original volumes.

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Title ACTUALITÉ ET UNIVERSALITÉ DE LA PENSÉE SCIENTIFIQUE D'ADOLPHE QUETELET. Actes du Colloque Organisé à l'Occasion du Bicentenaire de sa Naissance. Palais des Académies 24-25 Oct
Author P. Roberts-Jones.
Publisher France: Académie Royale de Belgique, 1997, pp. 236, FB.950.00.

The Royal Academy of Belgium celebrated in 1996 the bicentenary of the birth of the one who was its Perpetual Secretary from 1834 to 1874 by organizing, under the High Patronage of His Majesty Albert II, King of Belgium, a symposium entitled: "Quetelet: A Man of Many Ideas. Actuality and Universality of the Scientific Ideas of Quetelet."

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Title THE PROGRESS OF EXPERIMENT. Science and Therapeutic Reform in the United States, 1900-1990.
Author H.M. Marks.
Publisher Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. xi + 258, £45.00/US$59.95.

From the book jacket: "This book examines the science and the politics of drug evaluation. It presents the first general history of clinical research in the United States, examining therapeutic experiments over a wide range of diseases, from syphillis and pneumonia to heart disease and diabetes. It also explores the origins of our contemporary system for judging the drugs used in battling disease, and the history of the modern clinical trial."

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Title FOUNDATIONS OF PROBABILITY, ECONOMETRICS AND ECONOMIC GAMES SERIES.
Author O.F. Hamouda and J.C.R. Rowley.
Publisher Cheltenham, U.K.: Elgar, 1997, ,900.00 (ten volume set).

Volume 1. Expected Utility, Fair Gambles and Rational Choice, pp. xx + 505
Volume 2. Paradoxes, Ambiguity and Rationality, pp. xxi + 496
Volume 3. Economic Games, Bargaining and Solutions, pp. xxi + 502
Volume 4. Probability Concepts, Dialogue and Beliefs, pp. xxi + 551
Volume 5. Statistical Foundations for Econometrics, pp. xxvii + 482
Volume 6. Econometric Exploration and Diagnosis, pp. xxiv + 502
Volume 7. The Probability Approach to Simultaneous Equations, pp. xxxi + 451
Volume 8. Time Series Models, Causality and Exogeneity, pp. xxx + 502
Volume 9. The Reappraisal of Econometrics, pp. xxv + 506
Volume 10. Discrete and Continuous Systems, Cointegration and Chaos, pp. xxiii + 474.

This series of volumes includes the reprints of the classic articles on probability, econometrics and economic games along with editorial commentary and recent influential articles.

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Title ACADEMIC DUTY.
Author D. Kennedy.
Publisher Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1997, pp. viii + 310, US$29.95.

From the book jacket: "The university today is under attack from all sides. Parents and students resent the escalating costs of education and wonder where the money is being spent. Aspiring scholars feel betrayed by an institution that prepares them for non-existent jobs. Critics on the right condemn the teachers who neglect `the canon', while critics on the left condemn the creeping corporatism on campus. Politicians seek greater control over the conduct of research and add new conditions to the use of government funds. Worst of all, academics are increasingly uneasy in an environment that fosters competition, discourages co-operation, and has made 'publish or perish' a condition of survival.
"Donald Kennedy, the former president of Stanford University and currently a member of its faculty, ... brings his experience and concern to bear on the present state of the university. He examines teaching, graduate training, research, and their ethical context in the research university. Aware of the numerous pressures that academics face, from the pursuit of open inquiry in the midst of culture wars, to confusion and controversy over the ownership of ideas, to the scramble for declining research funds and facilities, he explores the whys and wherefores of academic misconduct, be it scholarly, financial, or personal.
"Kennedy suggests that meaningful reform can-not take place until more rigorous standards of academic responsibility C to students, the university, and the public C are embraced by both faculty and the administration. With vision and compassion, he offers an important antidote to recent attacks from without that decry the university and the professorate, and calls upon the college community to counter those attacks by looking within and fulfilling its duties."
From two reviews: "This is an extraordinary book, Kennedy's rich experience and incisive intellect provide the reader with deep insights into one of our greatest institutions, the research university. These insights illuminate core tasks, values, organizational problems, great accomplishments, and paths toward a creative future for the research university. Anyone who cares about the prospects for higher education will find this book valuable." CC D.A. Hamburg, President Emeritus of the Carnegie Corporation of New York.
"Every president, dean, and professor could profit from considering what Donald Kennedy has written."- D. Bok, President Emeritus of Harvard University.

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Title SCIENCE, POLICY AND RISK.
Author A Discussion Meeting held at the Royal Society on Tuesday 18 March 1997.
Publisher London: The Royal Society, 1997, pp. 87.

From the book cover: "No human activity is without risk. Modern society is largely defined by the extent to which it looks to scientifically trained `experts' for help when coping with everyday needs and worries. Is the world warming up? Can we expect another Ice Age? How many people can the world support? Are we overweight? Should we diet? If so, which diet? Is beef safe? What about eggs? Can all animals be artificially cloned? What about human beings? Should cloning take place at all? Is it ethical? These are all the questions we have seen, and expect to see, featured in news stories on TV or in the newspapers. Scientists are expected to have a view on these issues - but are often blamed for increasing the uncertainties and worries in the first place.
"Many of the current concerns that cause scientific experts to become subject to public attention involve risks and hazards of various kinds. Science, Policy and Risk aims to clarify some of the more prevalent misunderstandings of scientific facts and current theories in this field."

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Title STATISTICS, SCIENCE AND PUBLIC POLICY. Proceedings of the Conference on Statistics, Science and Public Policy held at Herstmonceux Castle, Hailsham, U.K., April 10-13, 1996.
Author A.M. Herzberg and I. Krupka(Eds.).
Publisher Kingston, Ontario: Queen's University, 1998, pp. xiii + 201, Can$26.95.

A three-day Conference on Statistics, Science and Public Policy was held at Herstmonceux Castle from April 10-13, 1996. Approximately forty-five leading scientists, as well as politicians, senior public servants and journalists from several countries met at Herstmonceux Castle in the United Kingdom to consider how to promote better understanding between science and public policy. The idea of the conference arose because of many current issues including the lack of communication and inaccuracy in communicating scientific results to the public through the media, interest in sup-port of science from the pubic purse, and whether science should be directed by government.
This volume consists of an edited version of the proceedings of the conference.

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Title PERILS OF A RESTLESS PLANET. Scientific Perspectives on Natural Disasters.
Author E. Zebrowski, Jr.
Publisher Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. xi + 306, £16.95/ US$24.95.

From the book jacket: "Throughout history, humans have sought to make sense of seemingly random and frequently deadly natural disasters. Scientists struggling to develop theories on earthquakes, hurricanes and epidemics must today confront the possibility that there may be fundamental limits on human comprehension and prediction of nature's intermittent tantrums. Perils of a Restless Planet examines our at-tempts to understand and anticipate these devastating natural phenomena, focusing on the interactions among basic scientific enquiry, pathological innovation, and ultimately public policy.
"Drawing upon studies of actual events from ancient to present times, the author provides perspectives on the selection of natural disasters and the scientific process of inquiry that has led to progress in understanding them. He draws attention to the scientific challenges that remain, the socio-economic factors that influence what scientific questions may be studied in the future, and the prospects for achieving the level of scientific understanding that may someday permit us to predict, and ideally mitigate, natural disasters. Extrapolating from the history of disasters, the author suggests what new perils may lie ahead, and how we may someday learn to protect the vulnerable populations in this restless Earth."

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Title THE ECOLOGY OF PLACE. Planning for Environment, Economy, and Community.
Author T. Beatley and K. Manning.
Publisher Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1997, pp. x + 265, US$34.95.

From the back cover: "[The authors] describe a world in which land is consumed sparingly, cities and towns are vibrant and green, local economies survive and the citizens work together to create places of en-during value. They present a holistic and compelling approach to repairing and enhancing communities introducing a vision of `sustainable places' that extends beyond the traditional architecture and urban design to consider not just the physical layout of the development but the broad set of ways in which communities are organized and operate."

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Title NATURE'S SERVICES. Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems.
Author G.C. Daily (Ed.).
Publisher Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1997, pp. xx + 392, US$49.95 Cloth; US$24.95 Paper.

From the news release for this volume: "Life itself as well as the entire human economy depends on goods and sources provided by earth's natural systems or ecosystems. ... these goods and sources are worth many trillions of dollars annually.
"Examples from Nature's Services indicate that the growing impacts of human activities imperil the delivery of ecosystem services. Yet typically, unless a natural disaster such as a flood occurs, the implications of human interference with ecosystem services are not considered, at an individual or a societal level. The contributors to this volume argue that this type of short-sighted decision making threatens our environmental, economic, and political security. They share the conviction that there is an urgent need to identify and monitor ecosystem services globally and develop policymaking frameworks that allow for the valuation of ecosystem services and goods C within reason. `Just as one cannot capture the full value of a human life in economic terms, it would be absurd to try to estimate the value of nature in strictly economic terms,' writes Daily. 'But estimates of the lower-bound, marginal value of nature's goods and services C in the trillions of dollars C are critical to informing decision-makers'".

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Title SIMPLE THINGS WON'T SAVE THE EARTH.
Author J.R. Hunter.
Publisher Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 1997, pp. xiv + 201, US$35.00 Cloth; US$15.95 Paper.

The author asserts that the use of slogans and symbols to get the public behind environmental conservation is ineffective. He shows there are no simple solutions to the major environmental problems including species extinction, global warming, etc.

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Title BRIGHT GALAXIES. Dark Matters.
Author V. Rubin.
Publisher Woodbury, New York: American Institute of Physics, 1997, pp. xvi + 236, US$29.95.

This volume brings together a portrait of the author as a scientist, research breakthroughs, personal observations and personalities.

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Title SLANTED TRUTHS. Essays on Gaia, Symbiosis, and Evolution.
Author L. Margulis and D. Sagan.
Publisher New York: Copernicus, 1997, pp. xxiii + 368, US$27.00.

A selection of essays of the authors published in the last fifteen years is presented. The collection includes the meeting of Margolis with J. Robert Oppenheimer and ideas on Gaia theory, symbiosis, and the way scientific research is currently conducted.

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Title TIBALDO AND THE HOLE IN THE CALENDAR.
Author A. Shimony. Illustrated by J. Shimony.
Publisher New York: Copernicus, 1998, pp. xi + 165, US$21.00.

From the book jacket: "Tibaldo Bondi, son of the assistant to the famous Bolognese physician Turisanus, is supposed to celebrate his 12th birthday in 1582. But 1582 is no ordinary year. Inaccuracies in the calendar established under Julius Caesar have been piling up for over a millennium, causing Easter to drift out of its traditional season. When Pope Gregory XIII decrees a long-needed calendar reform, part of the correction involves dropping ten days from the month of October, including October 10th, Tibaldo's birthday.
"This story cleverly weaves an enjoyable account of the cultural and scientific milieu of 16th century Italy.
"Through Tibaldo's eyes we learn of contemporary medical skills as practiced by his sister, a midwife, and his father; from Tibaldo's schoolteachers we learn about Renaissance astronomy and other sciences; and of course we learn the basis of the Gregorian reform that led to the calendar we use, with just minor changes, to this day."
The author is a philosopher and a physicist; his son has done the accompanying drawings.

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Title RAMANUJAN'S NOTEBOOKS, Part V.
Author B.C. Berndt.
Publisher New York: Springer-Verlag, 1998, pp. xiii + 624, US$97.95.

From the preface: "During the years 1903-1914, Ramanujan recorded most of his mathematical discoveries without proofs in notebooks. Although many of his results had already been published by others, most had not. Almost a decade after Ramanujan's death in 1920, G.N. Watson and B.M. Wilson began to edit Ramanujan's notebooks, but, despite devoting over ten years to this project they never completed their task. An unedited photostat edition of the notebooks was published by the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay in 1957. This book is the fifth and final volume devoted to the editing of Ramanujan's notebooks."

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Title THE UNIVERSE UNFOLDING.
Author Sir Herman Bondi and M. Weston-Smith (Eds.).
Publisher Oxford: Clarendon, 1998, pp. x + 406, £25.00.

This volume consists of twenty lectures including those by F. Hoyle, S. Chandrasekhar, M.J. Rees, D.G. Kendall, M. Atiyah, F.J. Dyson and R. Penrose given by well-known scientists over a period of twenty years. Each lecture was given to the Milne Society, the Milne Lectures, commemorating the work of Edward Arthur Milne.

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Title THE STORY OF THE SPIN.
Author S.-I. Thomonaga. Translated by T. Oka.
Publisher Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp. xii + 258, US$50.00/,39.95.

From the book jacket: "All atomic particles have a particular `spin'. Simple as spin may sound, the quantum mechanical reality underlying it is complex and still poorly understood. Because of the wide range of physics needed for its understanding, spin is not described in sufficient depth by any standard text-book. Yet this mysterious quality and the statistics associated with it have vast practical importance to topics as wide-ranging as the stability of atoms and stars and magnetic resonance imaging.
"Originally published in 1974, Sin-Itiro Tomonaga's The Story of Spin remains the most complete and accessible treatment of the subject, and is now available for the first time in English translation. Tomonaga tells the tale of the pioneers of physics and their difficult journey toward an understanding of the nature of spin and its relationship to statistics."

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Title ANIMAL GROUPS IN THREE DIMENSIONS.
Author J.K. Parrish and W.M. Hamner (Eds.).
Publisher Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. xvii + 378, £60.00/US$90.00.

From the book cover: "This book is about the ways in which many animals form groups, for instance, schools of fish, flocks of birds, and swarms of in- sects. Covering both invertebrate and vertebrate species, the authors investigate three-dimensional animal aggregations from a variety of disciplines, from physics to mathematics to biology.
"The first section is devoted to the various methods, mainly optical and acoustic, used to collect three-dimensional data over time. The second section focuses on analytical methods used to quantify pattern, group kinetics and interindividual interactions, within the group. The section on behavioral ecology and evolution deals with the functions of aggregative behavior from the point of view of an inherently selfish individual member. The final section presents an alternative to the empirical study of animal aggregation, namely the use of models to elucidate how group dynamics at the individual level creates emergent patterns at the level of the group."

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Title CURES OUT OF CHAOS. How Unexpected Discoveries Led to Breakthroughs in Medicine and Health.
Author M.L. Podolsky. Foreword by D.E. Koshland, Jr.
Publisher Australia: Harwood Academic, 1997, pp. xiv + 430, US$28.95.

From the foreword by D.E. Koshland, Jr., former Editor of Science: "Discovery is an exciting process in itself: from the discovery of a beautiful landscape to the finding of gold nuggets that indicate a gold mine may be nearby. Nothing, however, equals the discovery of an advance in medicine because this revelation will benefit thousands and in many cases, millions. This book describes the incredible discoveries of not just one but many of the most important advances in modern medicine. Individual chapters read like a mystery novel. But unlike mystery stories, they are relevant not only to one person or one place but to all of humankind. Discoveries dealt with here are very important; they are also great fun to read about."

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Title THE POWERFUL PLACEBO. From Ancient Priest to Modern Physician.
Author A.K. Shapiro and E. Shapiro.
Publisher Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997, pp. xi + 280, US$39.95.

From the book jacket: "Until this century, most medication prescribed by physicians were pharmacologically inert, if not harmful. That is, physicians were prescribing placebos or worse without knowing it. In a sense, then the history of medical treatment until relatively recently is the history of the placebo effect. …
"The authors begin by surveying the use of placebos from antiquity to modern times. They also examine the development, use, and validity of the double-blind, controlled clinical trial. And they present their own study of the placebo effect in hundreds of patients.
"…the book helps to clarify knotty issues ranging from the evaluation of therapies to the ethics of conducting controlled studies in which patients are deliberately given placebos."

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Title GEOMETRIC UNIVERSE. Science, Geometry and the Work of Roger Penrose.
Author S. A. Hugget, L.J. Mason, K.P. Tod, S.T. Tson and J. Woodhouse.
Publisher Oxford University Press, 1998, pp. xviii + 431, £29.50.

From the book jacket: "For several years Sir Roger Penrose has been an influential figure at the frontier of research in mathematical physics. His work on the interactions between geometry and theoretical physics has inspired several significant developments, including his fascinating and controversial theory of the human mind.
"The Geometric Universe is a celebration of his important work, bringing together the views of several world-class researchers. By drawing together contributions from across the physical sciences, we are able to appreciate the true significance and wide influence of Roger Penrose's revolutionary ideas."

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Title BELIEF IN GOD IN AN AGE OF SCIENCE.
Author J. Polkinghorne
Publisher New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1998, pp. xv + 133, US$18.00.

From the book jacket: "[The author] is a major figure in today's debates over the compatibility of science and religion. Internationally known as both a theoretical physicist and theologian-the only ordained member of the Royal Society-Polinghorne brings unique qualifications to his enquiry into the possibilities of believing in God in an age of science. In this thought-provoking book, the author focuses on the collegiality between science and theology, contending that these 'intellectual cousins' are both concerned with interpreted experience and with the quest for truth about reality. He argues eloquently that scientific and theological enquiries are parallel."

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Title THE NUMBER SENSE. How the Mind Creates Mathematics.
Author S. Dehaene
Publisher London : Penguin Books, 1997, pp. ci + 274, £20.00.

Where does our number 'sense' come from? The thesis put forward here, supported by ingenious experiments, is that our brains have evolved with this sense built in , indeed, various levels of numerical ability are demonstrated by different animal species. The view that our appreciation of the number concept is innate is profoundly anti-Piaget and the formalism of Bourbaki also excites the author's scorn. The way in which the human brain deals with the abstraction of 'number' is certainly as important as the way it controls our ability to use language. This book provides a fascinating overview of the current studies of brain function.

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Title THE JUNGLES OF RANDOMNESS. A Mathematical Safari.
Author I. Peterson.
Publisher London: Penguin, 1998, pp. xiii + 239, £10.99.

The author explores the ambiguities and uncertainties of randomness and interplay of order and disorder.

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Title BEYOND CALCULATION. The Next Fifty Years of Computing.
Author P.J. Denning and R.M. Metcalfe. Foreword by J. Burke
Publisher New York: Copernicus, 1997, pp. xviii + 313, US$27.00.

The authors of the essays in this volume look at what they think are the mayor areas of information and communications technology which will generate change over the next fifty years.

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Title BRUCELLOSIS IN THE GREATER YELLOSTONE AREA.
Author N.F. Cheville, D.R. McCullough and L.R. Paulson
Publisher Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1998, pp. xvi + 186, US$29.00.

From the executive summary: "In the winter of 1996-1997, the Yellowstone National Park bison (Bison bison) population was more then 3,400 animals. Harsh weather that winter forced record numbers of bison to leave the park in search of forage; other animals in the park starved. National attention focused on management strategies-including shooting bison-used to prevent the possible spread of brucellosis from park bison to cattle that are grazed on land adjacent to the park.
"Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA) is a disease caused by Brucella abortus, a bacterial organism transmitted primarily by contact with products of birth or abortion or by milk. ….
"Some claim that the possibility that bison or other wildlife transmit brucellosis to cattle is remote and that no management strategies are needed. Others claim that any risk of transmission is unacceptable for public health and economic reasons, and brucellosis must be eradicated from the wild. This study assesses the current state of knowledge about burcellosis infection and transmission, makes recommendations for further research, and examines the implications of various management options."

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Title THE DEFINING MOMENT. The Great Depression and the American Economy in the Twentieth Century.
Author M.D. Bordo, C. Golding and E.N. White (Eds.).
Publisher University of Chicago Press, 1998, pp. xvii + 474, US$60.00

This volume of essays tries to answer the question "to what extent, if any, was the depression a watershed in the history of the American economy."

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Title THE EVOLUTION OF RETIREMENT. An American Economic History, 1880-1990.
Author D.L. Cost
Publisher University of Chicago Press, 1998, pp. xiii + 234, US$40.00/£31.95.

From the book jacket: "Costa argues that the rise of retirement is the result of a culmination of historical trends initiated more than a century ago, not the consequence of abrupt social or institutional change. She attributes much of the long-term increase in retirement rates to steadily rising income, but argues that increased income is not the sole explanation. Over the course of this century, men's retirement decision has become less sensitive to increases or decreases in income, perhaps because retirement has become a time of discovery and personal fulfilment, rather than a time of withdrawal from activities and dependence on family.
"Using statistical and demographic concepts, Costa explains trends in retirement data. Her examination sheds light on such important topics as rising incomes and retirement, work and disease, the job prospects of older workers, living arrangements of the elderly, the development of a retirement lifestyle, and pensions and politics. She concludes with a look into the future and further evolution of retirement, addressing perhaps the most vexing problem of retirement policy, the impact of the aging Baby Boom generation on the Social Security System."

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Title THE PRINCE NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI, 2nd edition.
Author H.C. Mansfield.
Publisher University of Chicago Press, 1998, pp. xxxi + 151, US$24.00?£19.25 Cloth; US$8.00/£6.50 Paper.

From the back cover: "The most famous book on politics ever written, The Prince remains as lively and shocking today as when it was written almost five hundred years ago. Initially denounced as a collection of sinister maxims and a recommendation of tyranny, it has more recently been defended as the first scientific treatment of politics as it is practiced rather than as it ought to be practiced."

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Title ASTRONOMY THROUGH THE AGES. The Story of the Human Attempt to Understand the Universe.
Author R. Wilson
Publisher Princeton University Press, 1997, pp. xv + 302, US$29.95

From the book jacket: "[The author] presents an entirely non-mathematical introduction to astronomy from the first endeavours of the ancients to the latest exciting developments in research enabled by cutting–edge technological advances."

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Title EYES ON THE UNIVERSE. The Story of the Telescope.
Author P. Moore
Publisher London, U.K.: Springer-Verlag, 1997, pp. viii + 114, US$19.95.

This volume presents the developments of the telescope beginning with Lippenshey and Galileo and ending with the Hubble Space Telescope.

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Title SOMETHING NEW UNDER THE SUN. Satellites and the Beginning of the Space Age.
Author H. Gavaghan
Publisher New York: Copernicus, 1998, pp. xviii + 300, US$26.00.

The author gives a history of the early days of satellites. The volume focuses on three areas: navigational satellites, communications, weather observation and forecasting.

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Title THE CRAFT OF SCIENTIFIC WRITING, 3rd edition.
Author M. Alley
Publisher New York: Springer-Verlag, 1996 (1997 Corrected second printing), pp. xv + 282, US$24.95.

The author is an applied scientist. The volume includes suggestions about writing grant proposals, scientific papers, press releases; it also includes a concise guide to style and usage. Each chapter begins with very appropriate quotations.

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Title MATHEMATICALLY SPEAKING. A Dictionary of Quotations.
Author C.C. Gaither and A.E. Cavazos-Gaither.
Publisher Bristol: Institute of Phisics, 1998, pp. xiii + 484, £39.00 Cloth; £19.95 Paper.

This is a volume of quotations which are pertinent to the discipline of mathematics.

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